For example, there is one checkbox for a statement that says something like "2+2=4", another that says "2+2=5", and a third that says "2-2=0". I would like to create a button that opens a popup which askes the user if 2+2=4. If the user hits yes, the check box becomes checked off. If the user hits no, the check box does not get checked off.
Regardless of the users answer, I need another popup to open after the user imputs their answer into the first (and it disappears). So after the user clicks "yes" to "does 2+2=4", the checkbox will populate, the popup will close, and another popup will open and ask "does 2+2=5" (and then answering this question will do the same thing as the previous). And so on and so forth.
Any help would be greatly appreciated, thank you!
What you are asking about is not a simple script. You'll need to spend some time learning about scripting in Acrobat.
But to start, you can read about UI elements, including popups at these links.