Hope you are doing well and sorry for the trouble. As described, Acrobat shuts down within 5 seconds and you have tried remaning SL cache SL Store and deleting OOBE folder with no luck.
What is the version of the Adobe Acrobat DC you are using? To check the version go to Help > About Acrobat and make sure you have the latest version installed. Go to Help > Check for Updates and reboot the computer once.
Please try to turn off the protected mode for testing (Win Only) Go to Edit > Preferences > Enhanced Security > Uncheck 'Enable Protected mode at start up' Turn Off the Protected mode and uncheck 'Enhanced Security' > Click OK and reboot the computer
Note: Please turn on the security after testing to avoid any security risks.
If it still doesn't work, please create a new test user profile with full admin rights or enable the root account in Mac and try using the application there and check.