We are sorry for the trouble. As described the Acrobat X is closing without any error message.
Adobe Acrobat X is an old and EOL application and it is no longer supported. The last update was released on 13th Oct 2015 version 10.1.16 please make sure that you have the application updated to the last version form the help menu > Check for updates.
For testing purposes: Please try to turn off the protected mode. Go to Edit > Preferences > Enhanced security > Uncheck 'Enable the protected mode at startup', turn off the protected mode and uncheck the enhanced security > Click OK and reboot the computer.
Note: Turning off the protected mode may possess security risks. Please turn on the security after testing.
If it still doesn't work, please create a new test user profile with full admin rights and try using the application there and check.
If you are on Windows 10, maybe you need to run the program in compatibility mode, and additionally it would also be convenient to force a manual update of the printing device and scanner drivers plus firmware.
Grab the updates drivers from the printer device manufacturer's support website; not throug a MS Windows unattended update.