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How to flatten an image in Adobe Acrobat Standard DC

Community Beginner ,
Feb 18, 2016

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Im just trying to flatten an image in Adobe Acrobat and I cant figure out how to do it. This is rediculous. so frustrated. I went to the layers tab and opened the option menu but the is no option to flatten. Please make this easier. Why do I not have an option to do this. or why is it so hidden. stupid!!!!!!!!!! so much easier in Bluebeam.

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Correct answer by Test Screen Name | Most Valuable Participant

Flatten means at least 3 different things in a PDF, and none of them relate to images. So please explain what you want to happen, and we may be able to help you get to your aim.

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How to flatten an image in Adobe Acrobat Standard DC

Community Beginner ,
Feb 18, 2016

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Im just trying to flatten an image in Adobe Acrobat and I cant figure out how to do it. This is rediculous. so frustrated. I went to the layers tab and opened the option menu but the is no option to flatten. Please make this easier. Why do I not have an option to do this. or why is it so hidden. stupid!!!!!!!!!! so much easier in Bluebeam.

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Correct answer by Test Screen Name | Most Valuable Participant

Flatten means at least 3 different things in a PDF, and none of them relate to images. So please explain what you want to happen, and we may be able to help you get to your aim.

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Feb 18, 2016 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Feb 18, 2016

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One needs Acrobat Professional to have access to the Prefight flatten feature or one needs to use the JavaScript "this.flattenPages()".. Flattening only flattens annotations (comments, text boxes, lines, etc.) and form fields.

You can use preflight to flatten layers, but layers in a PDF is not always like layers in an image. All the layers visisble will flattened to I layer. That includes text content and image content but images will still be images.

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Feb 18, 2016 0
Community Beginner ,
Feb 18, 2016

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what is 'preflight flatten feature' and where do I find it. my god this program is confusing. I am not going to use Java script just to flatten a PDF, that's ridiculous. I will switch to a different program before I do that.

Can you just send me a link to the most applicable user guide and I can read that. I have been searching all day and cant find what I need.

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Feb 18, 2016 1
Most Valuable Participant ,
Feb 18, 2016

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Flatten means at least 3 different things in a PDF, and none of them relate to images. So please explain what you want to happen, and we may be able to help you get to your aim.

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Feb 18, 2016 0
Community Beginner ,
Feb 18, 2016

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I have a PDF with a image that I can select and move around within the PDF, I want this image to be flattened onto the document so when I click on the image it wont select the image. Or when I add a comment to a PDF and then I want to flatten it so nobody can alter my comment.

It is a simple button 'Flatten' on other programs I have used. With Adobe Acrobat its like I have to know how to write code in order for it to do what I want.

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Feb 18, 2016 0
New Here ,
Aug 31, 2020

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I quit. this is why I hate message boards and social media. 

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Aug 31, 2020 1
Most Valuable Participant ,
Aug 31, 2020

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What's obvious to you is not obvious to others... Hence our questions to try and understand what was meant.

And what you've described is impossible, anyway. There's no such thing as an "uneditable" PDF file.

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Aug 31, 2020 0
Most Valuable Participant ,
Aug 31, 2020

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Wow...

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Aug 31, 2020 0
New Here ,
May 16, 2016

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I am a lawyer who files documents on the websites for the US courts, particularly the US bankruptcy court.  I use Acrobat Professional XI. From time to time I file a PDF court form with fillable fields which I have filled in.  I used to "flatten" these particular docs by printing the PDF to PDF.

There has either been an update to the US courts system, to Adobe Acrobat, or maybe my Word program.  In any event, I only have the choice "Microsoft Print to PDF" when I print inside the Acrobat program, and I cannot form a "flattened" image.

Last week I tried again to "flatten" the image, but could not and I filed the doc with the courts without flattening.  The court called and pointed out the problem is that without flattening, the fillable fields in the doc I filed can be further edited by anyone.

So, how do I flatten, or what more info do you need to know.

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May 16, 2016 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
May 16, 2016

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As you’ve probably read, flattening a file can mean a number of different things. Because you are specifically referring to form fields, I assume that flattening interactive content is all you need to do. There should be no need to actually print the document to PDF (or, what we usually refer to as "refrying" the PDF file). You can install a free flattening tool that allows you to convert interactive content to static PDF content (and then it's indistinguishable from any non-forms related PDF content). You can find such a tool here for example:

Free Acrobat Automation Tools

Look for the "Flatten Page Content Tool" on that page.

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May 16, 2016 0
New Here ,
Nov 04, 2017

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OK, this is insane.  I have been using Bluebeam and another program for a few years, and purchased Standard DC with a new computer.  We all know what flatten means.  The last time I had Acrobat Pro it was a standard menu command.  It's easy to find in Bluebeam, etc.  You flatten a document so that all the elements and layers become one on the page and uneditable.  These responses of "what do you mean by flatten" are maddening.  You all know there used to be a "flatten" command in drop down menus.

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Nov 04, 2017 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Nov 04, 2017

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With JavaScript and folder level files one can add custom commands to the Acrobat/Reader menu bar or tool bars. I do not remember seeing this as a provided command in previous versions. But many posters here have provided a JavaScript file that can be used to add such a command with many possible options for the flattening process. With Acrobat Pro there is a Pre-flight tool to flatten a PDF file.  For versions prior to the introduction of the Acrobat Pro variation, the Pre-Flight processing was part of Acrobat.

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Nov 04, 2017 0
New Here ,
Nov 04, 2017

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Reader never had the ability to flatten (at least in older versions).  Pro always did (when I used it, about 5 years ago and longer).  I just find it frustrating that some replies on here ask the question "what do you mean flatten."  It's a well known term and function among those of us that edit and create pdfs on a regular basis.

I bought into Standard DC thinking it was an upgrade from Reader.  But for me, it is not much of one.  I'm not going to try and write script commands.  Thank you for replying though.  Acrobat Pro is $199 to upgrade.  Other software programs that doe as much are much less expensive out of the box.

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Nov 04, 2017 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Nov 04, 2017

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There are any number of free flattening scripts that you could add to your Acrobat Standard to add the "flattening" menu option.

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Nov 04, 2017 0
Most Valuable Participant ,
Nov 04, 2017

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It is a "well-known term" to you, but as you were told it can mean at least three different things to different people.

All of the people who answered your questions so far were doing their best to help you out, in their own free time I might add, so at least show a bit of gratitude.

Anyway, if you don't like the replies you're getting feel free to look for the information on your own. Or contact Adobe Customer Support and see how far that gets you.

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Nov 04, 2017 0
New Here ,
Nov 04, 2017

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You are reading way too much into my comments, but nonetheless, I stand by them.  "flatten" is and has been a standard menu item across most pdf editing platforms (including Acrobat Pro).  And most of the people, like me, who replied here looking for an answer, were also dumbfounded that our use of the term would be a mystery. I was not rude and I think you  missed the part where I said "thank you for your reply" .

At any rate, my frustration is ultimately with Adobe.  I am upset I paid for a program that is really no better to me than their free Reader, and now I will have to spend another $150 for Nitro or Foxit to get a function that should be pretty basic.

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Nov 04, 2017 0
New Here ,
Nov 04, 2017

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Again, thank you for your attempt to help me (if that was not clear, I apologize).  I would just rather have a full function editor all set to go. Standard is clearly not it.

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Nov 04, 2017 0
Adobe Employee ,
Nov 04, 2017

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@Matthew Moore,

On behalf of Adobe Systems Incorporated and as a member of Acrobat development organization, I feel that it is important to clean the air here:

(1)     Adobe endorses the comments of others on this thread that there isn't a single meaning to the word “flattening” when it comes to PDF!  Regrettably, there are at least three separate meanings to the word “flattening.”

The first relates to “transparency flattening” in which all objects that are not 100% opaque are “flattened” / blended into totally opaque objects.

The second relates to reducing the number of “layers” defined in a PDF file to a single layer.

The third relates to taking annotations including forms fields (forms fields are actually PDF annotations) and merging (i.e., “flattening”) them into the PDF file's content streams — such “flattened” content no longer are editable as annotations or fillable/selectable as form fields.

A fourth, much less common use of the term “flattening” is to convert all content on each page of a PDF file into one, big honk'in raster image in the mistaken belief that this somehow provides more “protection” to the PDF file (it doesn't but does significantly increase file size and decrease rendering quality). There was never a drop down menu in any Acrobat version to do this!!

(2)     Each of these three functions can be accessed from functions from within Acrobat DC Pro. Transparency flattening is a function within the Print Production Tools. The layer flattening capability is found in the left hand pane's layer's palette drop down menu and is only active if your PDF file has more than one layer. The flattening of annotations (including form fields) into the PDF content stream is available as a fixup under Preflight or alternatively can be performed via JavaScript. These options are not and have never been to my knowledge part of Acrobat Standard, a product aimed at the more simple needs of office workers and casual users.

(3)     In terms of what you describe, You flatten a document so that all the elements and layers become one on the page and uneditable sounds like a combination of the third and fourth interpretations of “flattening” per above, except that even if you “flatten” annotations and form fields into the content stream and then convert the page into a raster image within the PDF file, the content is still editable via Photoshop.

          - Dov

- Dov Isaacs, Principal Scientist, Adobe

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Nov 04, 2017 0
New Here ,
Nov 04, 2017

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Dov - respectfully, while it has been quite a few years since I used Acrobat Pro, there was a "flatten" command in one of the main drop down menus.  Whatever it may have meant technically, it did what I needed it to do.  I don't think I'm imagining it, since I worked with PDF's on a mostly daily basis.  But I suppose I could be experiencing a senior moment.

However, I am able to perform similar functions in Foxit and Nitro Pro quite easily - which I use on my other machines.  Since it came as an option on my new Dell, I thought I would give Acrobat a chance, especially since the description promised editing functions.  But today, when I went to do something I do all the time in other programs (and which I swear I also did easily in the last version of Pro I used) - I could not.  And I discovered Standard DC, which was not cheap, cannot perform the function (unless I start installing scripts - and that is not my expertise).  And Adobe wants $200 for me to upgrade to Pro after I already spent money on Standard.  I am unsure why Adobe charges $500 for Pro as a standalone, when other programs do the same for $150.  It's frustrating. 

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Nov 04, 2017 0
Adobe Employee ,
Nov 04, 2017

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mattinfll  wrote

Dov - respectfully, while it has been quite a few years since I used Acrobat Pro, there was a "flatten" command in one of the main drop down menus.  Whatever it may have meant technically, it did what I needed it to do.  I don't think I'm imagining it, since I worked with PDF's on a mostly daily basis.  But I suppose I could be experiencing a senior moment.

However, I am able to perform similar functions in Foxit and Nitro Pro quite easily - which I use on my other machines.  Since it came as an option on my new Dell, I thought I would give Acrobat a chance, especially since the description promised editing functions.  But today, when I went to do something I do all the time in other programs (and which I swear I also did easily in the last version of Pro I used) - I could not.  And I discovered Standard DC, which was not cheap, cannot perform the function (unless I start installing scripts - and that is not my expertise).  And Adobe wants $200 for me to upgrade to Pro after I already spent money on Standard.  I am unsure why Adobe charges $500 for Pro as a standalone, when other programs do the same for $150.  It's frustrating. 

The “flatten” in the menus was strictly for transparency flattening, nothing more and nothing less (and was probably actually labelled “flattener preview” or something similar). That function still remains in Acrobat Pro DC although the UI to access same is significantly different. But again, if what you want is the capability rasterizing the entire page to allegedly prevent modification (which it doesn't), that was never a menu item or any other function within any version of Acrobat strictly for the purpose of rasterizing all the contents of a page (or document). Transparency flattening may have the side effect of rasterizing page contents if the appropriate options are selected and page content contains large amounts of existing transparency but has no effect on pages without any existing transparency. And again, there is nothing about rasterizing content that protects the content from being modified.

          - Dov

- Dov Isaacs, Principal Scientist, Adobe

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Nov 04, 2017 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Nov 04, 2017

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It is possible that what you remember was not part of Acrobat, but something added to a menu by JavaScript or an Acrobat plug-in.

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Nov 04, 2017 1
Adobe Community Professional ,
Nov 05, 2017

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Widgets for Adobe Acrobat : Selective Flattener by UVSAR

Flatten Form Fields and Comment using a FREE Acrobat X Action by Acrolaw Blog

Free Acrobat Automation Tools by pdFScriptiong

If Adobe did not want users to create new tools not included in the basic product they would not have included the JavaScript methods to create and add the tools.

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Nov 05, 2017 0
New Here ,
Jan 30, 2018

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I recently found this forum and this topic because I am trying to do what the OP and several others have asked about.  To the Staff comments, in previous versions of Adobe, under the "Document Tab" at the bottom of the drop-down there were 2 options, "Flatten Current Page" and "Flatten Document".  Regardless of how many meanings the term "flatten" now has, or ever had, if a comment, stamp,  text box, shape, line, etc. was added to the page or to various pages in the document, you could go to that drop-down and "flatten" the page or the whole and it would make anything that was added to the document non-selectable and for all of my purposes, non-editable. 

I am currently looking at the tools for downloading to see if any of those accomplish the same end, but as noted above, there are several other softwares that offer "flatten" as a basic function that does not have to be added as a separate tool, and in the context that has been discussed above.  Regardless of the outcome, I must say that while I am sure I will learn to navigate the new layout, I do not find it user friendly, especially coming from the older versions, and I do find frustration in knowing that it was rather costly to upgrade, and now a number of the basic functions that I have used for years are no longer included in the basic package and must be added as a separate add-on.

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Jan 30, 2018 0
Most Valuable Participant ,
Jan 30, 2018

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Thank you for the precise detail about menu names, which is somehow much more useful than the original approach of telling us we’re idiots for asking what kind of flattening was needed!

This let me do some research. Flatten current page on the Document menu was never part of Acrobat out of the box. It was, rather, added by a script. Ironic since the original poster was so adamant he want going to install any hifalutin’ scripts to get what used to be built in.

The script is discussed and credited here Add a Flatten Document Menu Item to Acrobat   . Note carefully it was for Acrobat versions up to 9 only.

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Jan 30, 2018 0
New Here ,
Jan 30, 2018

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Thank you for the response.  I am curious, did those script add-ons come preset?  I ask because I did not install any script add-ons to the version that I was using.

And second, I am currently using Adobe Pro 2017.  I downloaded a flattening script, but when added to the Javascript folder with the "debugger" script, it does not show up as a usable tool.  So I deleted the script and am still on the search for a way to accomplish the "flatten" task as described herein.  If only for up to version 9, that would explain why it didn't work.

Not to go off script, but in Bluebeam, under the Document toolbar there is a "Flatten" button.  When clicked, it brings up a "Flatten Markups" sub menu and the user can select the features to be "flattened"  How would one accomplish this type of function in Pro 2017.  I am not using DC, just Adobe Acrobat Pro 2017.  And for me "flatten" basically means to make any added text boxes, comments, shapes, etc. non-selectable and therefore non-editable.  ( I know somewhere someone said that they are not truely non-editable, but for my purposes, the folks on the receiving end do not know enough about the program, and likely don't even have a pdf editing software to even attempt such changes.)

thank you

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Jan 30, 2018 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 30, 2018

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With the introduction of Acrobat 10.1.1 and Reader 10.1.1 the location of the user JavaScript folder changed and is not obtainable using JavaScript until at least one user folder level JavaScript has been added.

User JavaScript changes for Acrobat or Reader 10.1.1

Instructions for Installing Folder Level Scripts (Automation Tools) and Plug-ins

This folder is used by both Acrobat and Reader so some older scripts need to be revised to include some code to not install the menu item when Reader is opened.

The folder is also product number or level dependent. For Acrobat/Reader 10 it is /appdata/acrobat//10/privileged. For Acrobat/Reader 11 the 10 is replaced by 11 and for DC the 10 is replaced by DC.

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Jan 30, 2018 0
New Here ,
Nov 05, 2020

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This thread is kind of old but as I was reading this I had to open an account just to comment.  Yes I totally understand what flatten means.  We use that term everyday to mean that all of the elements added to the PDF file, including text images and any other mark on it will not be editable by anyone else.  It is suck in one place and cannot be moved in any way.  But I do not used Adobe and quite frankly I can’t stand it.  I have been using PDF-XChange for a long time and it is the easiest and most user friendly PDF program on the market.  The reason I found this is because I was going to attempt to show a friend that uses adobe how to use flatten and I could not find it so I started a search.  Well I will try to convince my friend to get PDF-Xchange in stead.

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Nov 05, 2020 0
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Most Valuable Participant ,
Nov 05, 2020

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What you understand by "flatten" is not what others might understand, and as mentioned above (see the Correct reply to this thread), it can mean at least three different things in Acrobat.

What you're describing can possibly be achieved by exporting all pages as images, then creating a new file and then digitally signing and/or applying a security policy to that file.

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Most Valuable Participant ,
Jan 30, 2018

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To my knowledge they never came with Acrobat. Did you personally install Acrobat on your own computer? Could be a company standard.

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New Here ,
Jan 30, 2018

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I did do the install, the version that I was running previously was Acrobat 9 Standard and was from a disc.  As far as I know I never added any scripts or downloaded any add-ons.  Now that doesn't mean that something may not have installed during an update, but I personally never added any scripts.  Prior to getting my new PC and installing the the current Pro 2017 software, I had used only that version.

There is a part of me that wants to install it so that I can get a screen grab of the toolbar that I am talking about straight off the factory install or perhaps I can get to it from my older machine.  I honestly am not a computer wiz and all the talk about having to add user level folders and changing code for newer versions is off-putting.  We paid a lot of money for the software and to have , what we consider, basic functions taken away that everyone in our small office has used regularly seems up until now is disheartening.  I know we don't hold several hundred licenses and our contribution is trivial in the grand scheme, but when I can download a free software, or a much less expensive software that has these functions readily available, I feel a bit cheated.  I mean, you have my money at this point, so haha, jokes on me I guess, but if the functionality of the new version is too cumbersome, or if we can't find a way past some of the interface issues then I suppose we will have to move on to a different software platform that can give us the tools we need. 

I understand that things need to change.  I am a creature of habit, and I went and got Adobe because it was familiar (I thought) and I felt I could pick right up and continue working on things right where I left off, but to be honest, the lost productivity from trying to figure out how to do some of the simplest things that had been relatively old hat could have been just as well put towards becoming more familiar with a different software at this point. 

I am not the only one in our small office that is having the same issue as we are upgrading several PC's, so I suppose we will just have to find a way to work with the new interface, or we will look for other options.  I like adobe and have for years, but jumping to this newer version, I feel like it has been "fixed til it is broke".

Thank you all for your replies, and I hope that I can find a solution to this issue that works for me.  If not, I will adapt or move on to something else.

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