I have no idea what is going on in your adjustment layer. Select it, press UU to reveal all modified properties, and let us know. Unless you want the adjustment layer to affect all layers below it you have to set in and out points. I can't tell if you have done that. If you have set in and out points, and the other layers work, then start soloing the layers that are not working. If they turn on, add the adjustment layer. If that fouls things up consider pre-composing the layers that the adjustment layer is supposed to work on and then apply your effects to the pre-comp and get rid of the adjustment layer. Some effects will not work at all on an adjustment layer.