Bridge 2023 is a really slow, sluggish mess. Bridge 2022 does NOT have this same problem. Attached is a video of the issue (my screen recording doesn't relfect the spinning ball that happens after filtering, but one can see the delay in response). Toggling filtering on and off triggers the spinning ball, selecting images sometimes happens...doesn't happen. Maybe selects two images, then deselects them. I've reverted back to Bridge 2022, but this is unacceptable in the long term. Let me know what other info you need...this needs to be addressed. What is going on?!? Bridge seems to get *worse* with every release!
If you are using Windows 10 or 11, try setting Bridge to use the PC's GPU, assuming you have a graphics card installed. I had the same problem and this solved it for me.
I also noticed from your video you seemed to have enabled "Always generate 100% previews". Try disabling that.