I am designing a new template and have stumbled upon a a small "mystery".
If I create a new blank document in FrameMaker 2020, write some text and add a footnote, I am going to get an option to add some footnote text in the bottom of the page. It is going to look like this:
I have added a grey rectangle to show where the line above the footnote text is. If we look in the Paragraph Designer no line has been assigned to the Footnote paragraph. So how does the formatting work? Where does the Footnote paragraph style get the line from?
If I assign the proper line to the Footnote paragraph in the dropdown., this happens:
Now I have proper control over the line but the line suddenly jumps up from its previous position.
This behaviour is a bit odd. Why is the footnote line not assigned when the footnote marker is inserted and the paragraph created? ....
The ominous line is defined via Format > Document > Footnote Properties. You define the paragraph format for the footnote there (default is "Footnote"). The line is defined on the reference page in a frame named similiar (Footnote). For the benefit of the user a graphical text above that frame lists this name (but this can be a fake...).
Not sure I understand you here @K.Daube . What I am wondering is... If I create a blank new document and insert a footnote, FrameMaker creates a paragraph format for me called "Footnote". This footnote format does not have a footnote graphic assigned under Paragraph Designer -> Advanced ->Frame Above. Never the less, it DOES display the graphic from the Footnote frame on the reference pages. But when I assign the graphic in Paragraph Designer -> Advanced ->Frame Above the line suddenly shifts position upward. I would expect the line to be assigned when FrameMaker creates the paragraph format in the first place? ... Am I misunderstanding something?
Just to elaborate on @K.Daube's correct answer... the footnote rule resides in a frame called Footnote on the main reference page. You can manipulate the rule, which is obvious to most people once they find it, but the frame it is in is equally important. That frame is physically sitting (invisibly) above the first footnote on each page. You can move the line within the frame, but also adjust the frame height to control the spacing.
You'll notice there's another frame on the reference page called TableFootnote. It doesn't have a rule inside. It's only job is to control the space below a table and the first table footnote.
Since I'm still sitting here, I'll take a stab at your follow-up question. Klaus can come back and elaborate if I fall short.
The Footnote paragraph style is a default in any new document—it's part of the starter set in the Paragraph Catalog that includes Title, Heading1, Heading2, etc. In Footnote Properties, that Footnote style is pre-assigned to all footnotes, current or future. The Footnote style is associated with the Footnote frame on the main reference page.
What this means is that whenever you add a footnote, FrameMaker automatically assigns the Footnote style to the footnotes, and that includes adding the footnote frame from the reference page above the first footnote on all body pages.
Hi Barb. Yes, I get that. ...
But try this:
This is what I'm trying, unsuccessfully so far 😊, to explain. The footnote rule assignment is not handled through the Paragraph Designer — if it was, the line would appear above every single footnote on a given page. My docs are footnote intensive, so I might have 10 footnotes on a given body page, and I only want one line.
Using the footnote feature, the Footnote frame is automatically assigned to only the first footnote on a page. Users aren't involved in assigning the Footnote frame or the TableFootnote frame—FrameMaker does it for us.
Edit: To illustrate why we don't want to get involved in adding a Rule Above in Paragraph Designer:
Damn - I have used FM for so many years but never really looked into this. ... but still... wouldn't you expect the position of the frame to be the same? (automatically vs assigned) The position is supposed to be controlled by the size of the reference page frame.
It's funny, Bjørn, I'm just the opposite. I've worked with footnotes (and taught footnotes) for so long, that I just accepted how they are pre-assigned as a fact and never gave it another thought, until today. I think it's why it took me so long to drill down to your actual question. 😊
The position is supposed to be controlled by the size of the reference page frame.
But, position is controlled by the size of the reference page frame, just like the other reference page frames. I made the frame yellow, for easier tracking.
Thank You Barb for your exhaustive explanations! 25 years i had the same understanding problems as Bjørn has - until I experimented with an own footnote ¶ format zfn-footnote and ztf-table-footnote...
Thank you for the explainer. Still a bit confusing per UI though.
It seems that the built-in line decoration from the Footnote reference page takes the distance from the ascender height of the type in the footnote text. Or rather, the graphics frame on the reference pages does.
From a UI point of view, the Footnote reference should appear in the styles properties when viewed in the Paragraph Designer. If one accepts that it just doesn't and that it is a built-in special feature, you would still expect the Footnote line decoration to appear in the same place as the built-in version when you apply it using "Frame Above". But when doing so, it seems that will put the referenced graphic on top of the built-in version. Leaving a space unaccounted for in the paragraphs properties.
Well... - if it works 🙂 Kind of you to engage in this!
The existing design makes sense to me. A footnote separator appears above the first footnote on a page that has footnotes. As you edit the document, page breaks might change and a footnote that immediately follows the separator in one draft may not immediately follow the separator in a later version. FrameMaker automatically adds and removes sepraators as necessary.
Using the Frame Above property of a footnote paragraph to insert the separator might have been an alternative design, as long as that property were set or cleared according to the placement of individual footnotes. However, that design would have removed the existing possibility of using Frame Above as well as the footnote seprator. For example, you can use Frame Above to mark some footnotes as important or to distinguish different categories of footnotes (citations of reference material, links to additional material, identifying relevant versions of a product, and so on).
I wish I didn't know as much about footnotes as I do. I deal with more footnotes (both in InDesign and in FrameMaker) on a daily basis than any normal human should ever have to. I can tell you though, that you can use custom names for a footnote style—you just have to:
If they all match, then it still works as explained above.