Yes, but you'll likely have to use a third-party extension to do that.
There are free barcode generators that work with some formats, with varying degrees of success. A quick Google search will inform you of a lot of them.
But if you're going to do this kind of work a lot, or work with a number of different formats, I recommend BarcodeMaker from Teacup Software. It's not cheap, and it has gone to a subscription product, but it's the best barcode generator I've found.