Hope you can help me. I am creating a book and I would like to find a way to equalize the last lines of each column. How can I do that for all the pages of the book?
Big thanks in advance
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The situation in your screen shot generally occurs because of Keep Options set in the paragraph styles.
I've always handled this by adjusting the height of the frames by one line, or some judicious editing to add or lose a line in a paragraph (you can often do this by tracking just the spaces in a long paragraph), but there is no automatic method I know to do it. If someone else has one, please, I'd love to know, too.
The other alternative, which is automatic, but to my mind a mortal sin and extremely ugly, is to set the vertical justification to "Justified" but that will result in differnt line spacings ascross a spread.
Thank you so much, Peter. Justified is an ugly solution, as you said, but it works!
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My subtle cheat is to change the percentage width of characters in the paragraph as much as 3% to get better copyfit.
For example, Let's take the paragraph that begins with "Sali" and ends with "rabo." If you highlight the entire paragraph with your Text tool, then go to the Character Width edit box in your Control Panel, as shown above and reduce it to 99%. I'll bet that it reduces that paragraph at least one line in length. Since there are 14 lines in that paragraph, and a number of the lines are set "loose" with a lot of space between words because of justified text, it may even reduce the paragraph by two. Then try to reduce it more, first to 98%, then to 97%. If the paragraph didn't shrink by two lines when you first tried 99%, I'll offer it likely did by the time you reduced the character width to 97%.
The trick is to do this sparingly, starting with your longest paragraphs and the ones with the shortest last line. Those are the areas where the finest adjustments will have the largest impact. Let me offer a couple of caveats, though:
I used to do this work for a publishing client for nearly a decade, and the designers there marveled at how I could get better copyfit than they did. They never figured out my secret and I didn't tell them. Keep this trick under your hat and nobody will know how you did it either.
Hope this helps,
Outstanding exposition. Count me among those with this hat on my rack, and the same amusement at how otherwise skilled designers can't figure it out the trick. Between actual type stretching and very small use of tracking, you can fix many spacing problems like this.
An expanded trick I've learned is to create a few character styles with base "spread" and "squeeze," and give them a color highlight such as a pale yellow outline on the text. Apply one or the other and tweak it a percent or two as needed, rather than applying each fix as a spot override. Then you know where you've tweaked, and can do it a little earlier than "very last step," and can remove it or tweak it again as needed. Then change the two character styles to no-outline, and you're ready for press. And the secret remains, well, secret. 🙂
Brilliant solution, Randy.
Let me ask you about two questions. In my case the page I want to edit is the left one, so I followed your advice and it works. But what if I need to edit the opposite page? It didn´t work.
And other question. What if in the next page not continue the same paragraph, it starts a new paragraph?
You have to go through your completely finished layout one page at a time, front to back, and find places where a paragraph needs to be pushed down that one line. This can be done either by pushing lines down or pulling one up from the next page. Back up through the page with the gap at the bottom, and the prior one (sometimes 2-3 pages back) until you find a paragraph that either has a very small orphan that can be pulled up into the prior line, or is a nearly full last line that can be pushed out to form a decent additional line. Try both until you get that gap filled, and move on to the next page.
It's tedious and it has to be sequential, at least until you get to a final chapter page or chapter heading that "resets" the page flow. And it has to be pretty much the very last step. But it works on both recto/verso pages.
Thank you NitroPress. I thought using Indesign I would find automatic procedures but I see now that I have to check every page and fix it.
Cheers from Spain!
It's really more a matter of having enough character count in the paragraphs to make adjustments.
More lines of text, better opportunities to adjust the number of lines higher/lower. Looking at the relative copyfitting/space between words will give you better insight how these adjustments will work for you. Another factor is the length of the last line. If you're looking to skip up a line/reduce the paragraph line count by reducing character width, it works better with a paragraph with just one or two words on the last line. Similarly, if you're adjusting by adding a line, it'll be easier if the last line goes nearly entirely across the space between the margins.
Yes, thanks to all comments I can see that. I finally did it mixing things. Hope the reader can not see the difference about all the adjustments I did. Thanks again!