Vladen, the answer given as the correct answer is incomplete. I'll assume you're using InDesign CC2020; this process may differ in earlier versions. YMMV, but you should be able to get a result you can work with.
First, you need to know the total pages of your PDF. After finding that:
Right-click the page thumbnail view (on the right in the default InDesign applicamtion window layout, right where that single page already is).
Click the "inset pages" menu option. Select "Insert pages...".
In the "inset pages" dialog box, type the number of the PDF pages in the original PDF. Click OK.
Select the very first page of the white document ithumbnails n InDeign's thumbnail page view.
Click File ---> Place..., navigate to the folder containing the PDF you wish to place, and select the PDF you want to insert from the "Place file" dialog box that appears.
Make certain the "show import options" checkbox is selected as well.
In the "Place PDF" dialog that appears, select the appropriate placing options for your PDF. You probably want to choose "Media" from the dropdown box
If your PDF has a white background, make sire that "transparent background" is unchecked.
Place each page, one at a time, approximately where you'd like it to be on each individual page in the main document window in InDesign. Where spreads occur in InDesign, click the left and then the right page, in order, one at a time. Note that InDesign does not automatically advance to the next page as you place the PDF pages into the InDesign document.
Adjust the page placing per page as required,
Add text and other elements as you wish. If you want to remove specific, individual elements, create shapes of the same color as the background to make them invisible. You will not be able to remove any elements or substantially alter the PDF pages themselves, but you can ,make small alteration or add new elements that don't exist in the original PDF..
I'm doing this using a PDF of sheet muxic created using MakeMusic Finale (a music notation and engraving application) and it works.