Thank you for reaching out. Would you mind sharing the version of InDesign installed on your machine and the details of your operating system? Is it possible for you to open the file on any other machine?
Adobe InDesign 17.2.1 is installed on my machine and I am running Mac OS Monterey 12.4.
I am able to open Indesign files stored locally on my mac without a problem. However every indesign file I open using my external hardrive has this issue.
I've discovered a workaround -- when I go through and relink all of the images they appear as intended. Then I have to resave the InDesign file onto my desktop (I receive error messages when I try to save it onto my external drive), and then transfer it over to my external drive. I save most of my work on my external drive so this obviously isn't ideal as it's time-consuming, etc.