I have this issue and can't solve it, when I open my file on indesign 2023 or 2022, all my design are not displaying (preview mode) can not see my design, even the text, I right clicked on all the elements in the page and did the high quality display in display performance, but didn't solved my problem. I preview the file on cpu, nothing changed.
Is this just happening with one file, or every file you try? Please tell us more about your system: Focusing on the current version, 2023, please tell us what operating system (exactly) you're running. Please tell us (exactly) what InDesign version you're using.