Be sure to make a paragraph style to control the paragraphs of text. Name it BodyCopy. Within paragraph style options, go to Keep Options and set it to either keep all lines together or, better, keep lines 2 and 2. This will prevent widowed and orphaned single lines that are alone and away from the rest of the lines in the paragraph.
Stop using multiple hard returns to space paragraphs. Instead, within the paragraph style options, define a Space After amount.
Stop using the Tab key to indent your first line. Instead, within the paragraph style options, use a First Line Indent amount.
InDesign is all about paragraph styles! Learn to let go of your habits of using a typewriter.
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Do you have Keep With Next set in the Keep Options menu? Uncheck that. As Mike notes, there are many options to control text flow in this panel and your solution (and eventual satisfaction with the text breaks) probably lies there.
Your screen grab shows Keep With Next set at 1.
This will definitely cause your issue if all those extra returns also have the same setting; it's trying to keep them all together and consequently pulling your single line from the previous page.
Instead, Set it to 0
(This is NOT controlled by the checkbox immediately above (Keep With Previous); these are two separate settings).
But yes, as advised, you should not be using paragraph returns for spacing; causes no end of issues. The more you use Paragraphs Styles, with all the spacing and tab options available, the more it will make sense to you, and you will soon never go back to what I call "typewriter spacing".
If, after setting up your paragraph style correctly, it still does it, then export to IDML and then open the IDML file, and then SaveAs to an INDD document. This will have a tendency to wash out some possible corruptions.
Did not solve it unfortunately.
Could page 11 secretly have an empty no stroke/ no fill frame/box/object in the lower part of that page? Maybe it is an object on the master page. If there is an invisible frame object, maybe that object has Text Wrap turned on?
Yeah, all humor aside, this is not the way to solve any problem.
I'd suggest you back up, create clean styles for all your paragraphs and (bold, italic, etc.) overrides, and apply them scrupulously to your text. You can't get anywhere with corrupted imported styles and layers of spot overrides. You'll "fix" one problem only to have three more show up, and pretty soon your whole document is the equivalent of duct tape and baling wire.
Take an hour to clean it all up with clean styles. It will be worth every minute you spend on the chore.
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Never use a style from Word named Normal.
Never use a paragraph style based on Normal nor Basic Paragraph Style. Make your BodyCopy style based on No Paragraph Style.
Try not to allow your paragraph style have manual overrides (the tiny + sign) on it. If you have bolds and italics, make sure those are made with character styles.
Subheadings should be their own paragraph style with Space Before and Space After defined, not extra returns.
The extra returns caused it!
I put them in to create space for an inserted image. Other solution for that now.
Thanks for all your suggestions!
I'd bet that the extra returns that were formatted for "keep with next/previous" did it. Paragraphs without "keep with" specified have nothing keeping them from breaking across pages.