theoretically, but practically too much work and effort, there is a chance to do what you want in InDesign "alone".
But this requires an old workflow from the last century.
The name of the "technology" behind this is pdfMarks.
FWIW: The mentioned EPS could be written by ExtendScript for InDesign.
It could be placed by ExtendScript, the PostScript file could be written by ExtendScript and the resulting PostScript file could trigger Acrobat Distiller if a hot-folder is setup with Acrobat Distiller.