Reset InDesign Preferences and Other Troubleshooting

Adobe Community Professional ,
Apr 23, 2021 Apr 23, 2021

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Adobe InDesign 2022 Troubleshooting How-to Guide

How to reset preferences as well as a step-by-step checklist strategy of what to do when your InDesign app crashes or your document becomes corrupted. What do you do when InDesign 2022 (and past versions) is crashing? Here is a checklist of ideas:

 

Generalities

Isolate the source problem

Is the problem the InDesign application, or something wrong with your file? InDesign won’t start, or file won’t open, or file opens and crashes, or crashes on same page?

Do you have enough RAM?

You need at least 16GB of RAM to run effectively.

Restart your computer

Quit InDesign, restart your computer, and try to start it again, with no other programs running.

Run your Mac or Windows Utilities

Before you start any programs, try running housekeeping operating system utilities like DiskWarrior or CCleaner before starting InDesign again. Some Windows 10 users manually empty the Temp folder on a regular basis.

Force a screen redraw

Sometimes the screen is not redrawing. Try: Shift-F5 to force a redraw. What looks like a bug will often vanish. Cmd+Opt+/ (macOS) or Ctrl+Alt+/ (Win) will force InDesign to recompose the text and also refreshes the screen.

Windows 10: Required Fonts

See Font Settings.  There is a Check Box to “Hide fonts based on language settings.” Also “Restore default font settings” will help in case you delete fonts you needed.

Round up the usual font suspects

Font Doctor can diagnose and repair fonts, a common reason for crashing.

http://www.extensis.com/font-management/fontdoctor/

Same problem in a new file?

Do you get the same problem in a new file, or does it only happen in one problem file? This can help you determine if its the InDesign application or a corrupt file.

Move from network to hard drive

Working on a network server drive can work OK. But, if you are having trouble, try packaging the InDesign file (File > Package) to a folder on your local hard drive, and work local. Network problems can cause crashing. InDesign 2017 and newer is better at network drives.

Keyboard shortcuts not working

Usually caused by a 3rd-party software, possibly a browser plug-in. Try rebooting and loading InDesign. If it works, then load the browser and see if it breaks.

Missing File Info dialog

Missing the File Info dialog? Locate and delete the DVADialogPrefs.xml file and restart InDesign 2021.

Component Information dialog

Hold down the Cmd key while you choose InDesign > About InDesign (Mac), or the Ctrl key while you choose Help > About InDesign (Win). The Component Information dialog can tell you potentially useful info about the history of your file.

User cannot start InDesign

With admin privileges, create a new user and launch InDesign. This will tell you whether or not the user account is corrupted.

Updating to InDesign 2022

While installing, Import previous settings and preferences seems to trigger operational issues for some. Turn this off.

 

Resetting InDesign

Reset (aka trashing) preferences

Custom preferences are written to file each time you quit InDesign, but can get corrupted if it crashes.

Simply delete them (or move them elsewhere) and restart. InDesign will write a new set of preferences. Press modifier keys immediately as/after you click on the InDesign icon. Press Cmd+Opt+Ctrl+Shift (macOS) or Ctrl+Alt+Shift (Win). Click Yes to this message:

Startup Alert: Delete InDesign Preference files?

If you want to to protect a backup copy, do this:

Start InDesign 2022 (or your older version)

Open Scripts panel (Window > Utilities > Scripts)

Right-click on the User folder, and choose Reveal in Finder (macOS) or Reveal in Explorer (Win)

This is a folder named Scripts Panel in the Mac Finder or Win Explorer. Go one level above this folder to the preferences file named InDesign Defaults. If you make a backup copy of this file, you can restore it (copy it back) if the original file becomes corrupt.

To reset manually, delete InDesign Defaults and InDesign SavedData files, and restart InDesign.

Here is the folder location for the InDesign Defaults:

macOS: Home > Library > Preferences > Adobe InDesign > Version 17 > en_US > InDesign Defaults

Windows 10: Users > UserName > AppData > Roaming > Adobe > InDesign > Version 17 > en_US > InDesign Defaults

Here is the folder location for the InDesign SavedData:

macOS: Home > Library > Caches > Adobe InDesign > Version 17 > en_US >

Windows 10: Users > AppData > Local > Adobe > InDesign > Version 17 > en_US > Caches >

I usually visit this Caches folder to delete the InDesign SavedData file (when I manually reset preferences by finding and deleting InDesign Defaults and InDesign SavedData), but you might need to go into the InDesign Recovery sub-folder and delete all the files inside if you are caught in a restart/crash loop.

Some say the keyboard method works better than the manual file delete method. In worst cases, some users delete all files under these two folder locations.

Reset InDesign more deeply

Close all Adobe applications and manually reset preferences by renaming the folders from the following locations:
~/Library/Caches
~/Library/Preferences
Rename Adobe InDesign and com.adobe.InDesign to Adobe InDesign.old and com.adobe.InDesign.old and
launch InDesign from the Creative Cloud app.
Rename the CEP folder to CEP.old from the following location:
/Library/Application Support/Adobe
If that does not help, rename the UXP folder to UXP.old from the following locations:
/Library/Application Support/Adobe
~/Library/Application Support/Adobe
If that does not help either, uninstall the application using the CC Cleaner tool and reinstall from the Creative Cloud Desktop app.

 

InDesign is crashing

Turn off Type Contextual Controls

Preferences > Advanced Type > Type Contextual Controls. This is a feature that shows you alternate glyphs. In CC 2017 and possibly newer, this feature proved to be buggy. Try turning these features off. I still keep these off, because they are seldom needed.

Turn off GPU Performance

If you are using InDesign CC 2015.4 (or later) on a GPU-equipped Mac with Retina display, disable the GPU Performance feature in Preferences > GPU Performance or View > Preview on CPU and see if your problem stops.     

Close docked and floating panels

Sometimes files crash with certain panels open, but when the panels are closed, the file doesn’t crash. A quick way to temporarily hide all panels on the screen is to press the Tab key (when you don’t have text selected), or Shift-Tab to hide all panels except the Tools panel.

Remove third-party plug-ins, if any

The most common problem is font activation plug-ins, since they rely on the OS, InDesign, and the plug-in all to work well together. Try shutting down font management software. Look in the Plug-ins folder in the InDesign folder in Applications (Mac) or Program Files (Windows) to remove (or move to another location) plug-ins from InDesign.

Crash on Print or Export to PDF

First, try the export to IDML trick. Next, try the Divide and Conquer technique. If you isolate a page, move half the objects to the pasteboard and test again.

If it is a graphic, open the graphic file and re-save to a new filename and different format. Place it back onto the page. If it is a textframe, copy the text out to a text editor to remove all formatting. Try to replace back in.

Reinstall InDesign 2022

You might try to uninstall and then reinstall InDesign using the Creative Cloud app. Some run the Adobe cleaner utility before reinstalling:

https://helpx.adobe.com/creative-cloud/kb/cc-cleaner-tool-installation-problems.html

InDesign Auto Recovery crashing

InDesign temporarily saves, or caches, information about the documents you are working on, to be recovered if InDesign crashes. When you restart, InDesign attempts to recover and reopen the problem file, causing it to crash again. The solution to this is to delete the cache files:

macOS: Home > Library > Caches > Adobe InDesign > Version 17 >  en_US > InDesign Recovery > RecoveryData (or even the whole folder)

Windows 10: Users > Username > AppData > Local > Adobe > InDesign > Version 17 > en_US > Caches > InDesign Recovery > RecoveryData (or whole folder)

Win 10: Recent Files

Right-click on the InDesign icon in the taskbar. Under “Recent” there were files that InDesign kept looking for. Right-click on the file and “Remove from this list.” Shut down InDesign with Task Manager and then restart.

 

Finding Hidden files

macOS: show Library folder

Make the user Library folder visible in macOS:

Method 1: In the Finder, choose Go > Go to Folder. In the Go To Folder dialog box, type ~/Library. Click Go.

Method 2: Hold down the Opt key when using the Go menu. The Library folder shows. Note: drag the Library icon to the Dock, sidebar, or toolbar, making it accessible.

Method 3: Launch Terminal, type the following:

chflags nohidden ~/Library

and press Return. Enter the password, and press Return. Close Terminal. The Library folder is now visible in Finder.

macOS: Reset permissions in Terminal

Launch Terminal, and type the following:

sudo chmod -R 777 /Users/<user>/Library/Preferences/Adobe InDesign

sudo chmod -R 777 /Users/<user>/Library/Caches/Adobe InDesign

sudo chmod -R 777 /Users/<user>/Library/Application Support

Win 10: AppData folder is hidden

In Windows, open File Explorer and go to Tools > Folder Options > View Tab, and then scroll down and check the radio button to show hidden files and folders.

 

Salvage the document

Export to IDML

IDML (File > Export > InDesign Markup IDML) is a way to write an InDesign document to XML code. Export to IDML, then close the original file, and open the IDML to a new file sometimes cleans the file of corruption.

Divide and conquer

Delete half the pages, and see if the problem goes away. If so, now you know which half of the file is the problem. Return to the original file, and remove half of the section you previously removed. Keep deleting segments of the file to narrow the problem to a single page or pages. Rebuild those pages to heal the problem.

Push damaged pages into a new file

Use the Move Pages command in the Pages panel menu to push pages from a damaged document into a new document with the same page setup.

Delete a text frame

A single corrupt story can be the source of the problem. Try exporting all the text, then deleting one or more of the text frames and see if the problem clears. If so, replace the exported text into new text frames.

Delete a graphics frame

Actually, any frame object can be the source of crashing. Try deleting a frame object to resolve crashing.

Delete styles and swatches

Try deleting (first the unused) paragraph, character, object, table, and cell styles, and color swatches, and see if the problem clears.

Export text to recover assets

Sometimes you need to get the text out of the file so that you can rebuild the project. Try exporting the text (File > Export > Text Only), or try ExportAllStories.jsx script.

Convert a PDF to a new InDesign file

Try exporting to PDF, and using PDF2ID to convert back to InDesign.

https://www.recosoft.com/products/pdf2id/

Acrobat DC’s Export To command

Acrobat’s File > Export To command can extract to a Word .docx or PowerPoint .pptx so that you can rebuild. Yes, that will cost much time.

DTP File Recovery Service

Markzware offers a File Recovery Service. You pay the larger fee only if they are able to recover your file.

http://markzware.com/products/file-recovery-service/

 

Preventive advice

Save-As frequently

InDesign files are databases of all objects you’ve ever placed on your page, even those that you’ve deleted. Occasionally do a File > Save As and to save over the original file. This will compact and clean up the file, keeping the database smaller, and less prone to corruption.

Keep a chain of version backups

Practice saving named backups. If the document corrupts, you can go back to a workable version without much loss. Files saved in Dropbox have backups. A free plug-in called Radish can save versions for you. Mac Time Machine could be a resource to retrieve an older version.

Don’t build in a single document

Some say it is better to break the large project into smaller files, and use the Book feature (File > New > Book) to help manage the individual document files.

Don’t fill pasteboard with objects

Don’t store objects on the pasteboard, the area beyond the page. It makes the file larger, and printing slows down. Instead, use Libraries (File > New > Library) and/or CC Libraries (Window > CC Libraries) to store extras. Or make XML Snippets (File > Export > InDesign Snippet) for storing objects that you might re-use later. Or plan and build a donor InDesign file with correctly-made examples of pieces of your documents, and this could be designed to complement your branding guidelines.

macOS: reset font caches

A frequent cause of app crashing. Use FontNuke utility to remove and reset macOS font caches:

https://www.jamapi.com/products/fontnuke/

PostScript Type 1 fonts

Old PostScript Type 1 fonts should be long gone and will not be supported beginning January 2023.

macOS: avoid system dfonts

macOS: Avoid using system .dfonts in documents.

General font advice

Remove old PostScript Type 1 fonts. Use only OpenType versions of fonts. Don’t have multiple versions installed. Even having a sub-folder of “Document fonts” can potentially cause multiple font confusion, so trying renaming or moving/removing that sub-folder when troubleshooting missing font confusion.

Use linked graphics

Don’t copy and paste artwork from Illustrator and other programs into InDesign. This makes the file more prone to corruption. Instead, always use File > Place to place .ai and .psd graphics. If InDesign always crashes on a particular page, it might be that placed graphic that is corrupt; therefore replacing the placed (not pasted) graphic can be an easier operation.

 

Get assistance

Adobe help documentation

Recover damaged InDesign documents:

https://helpx.adobe.com/indesign/kb/troubleshoot-file-issues.html

New with InDesign 2021 is an automatic checking for damage as you open the file. If it detects corruption, InDesign 2021 automatically repairs it.

Adobe InDesign user forums

Research your questions on these two public forums:

https://forums.adobe.com/community/indesign

https://indesignsecrets.com/forums

Other outside help

Adobe might be able to help: email or link your file to idfile@adobe.com.

Visit for help: https://TrainingOnsite.com.

Known issues

Try searching for “fixed” or “known issues”. Bear in mind that InDesign does not run well on M1-chipped Macs until you upgrade to InDesign 16.3 or newer. 

https://helpx.adobe.com/indesign/kb/known-issues.html

https://helpx.adobe.com/indesign/kb/macos-big-sur-compatibility.html

https://helpx.adobe.com/InDesign/kb/crash-on-launch.html

Sometimes it might involve the Creative Cloud App

Visit the page: "Fix Errors Installing the Adobe App"

https://helpx.adobe.com/download-install/kb/failed-install-creative-cloud-desktop.html

and/or this page:

https://helpx.adobe.com/creative-cloud/kb/troubleshoot-download-install-logs-1.html?opt=ret0262&adob...

 

Thanks to all

This list was compiled with the help of all the expert InDesign people on this forum and is occasionally edited and updated ■

 

Mike Witherell
TOPICS
Bug , How to , Performance

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Adobe Community Professional ,
Apr 23, 2021 Apr 23, 2021

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Fabulous advice.

I have bookmarked this page for future reference.

 

Thank you Mike!

 

Bevi Chagnon | PubCom | Designer & Technologist for Accessible Documents
| Books & Classes | Accessible InDesign | Accessible PDFs | Accessible MS Office |

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Adobe Community Professional ,
Apr 23, 2021 Apr 23, 2021

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You are welcome, Bevi. Thanks for your contribution to this evolving list!

Mike Witherell

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Adobe Employee ,
Apr 25, 2021 Apr 25, 2021

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Thanks, Mike! This will surely help other community members. 

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Contributor ,
May 30, 2021 May 30, 2021

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Thank-you, Mike!  As an 'intermediate' user/learner your list is invaluable!!  So far, the only real problems I have experienced with InDesign docs are ones that I have created myself.  Hoping to get some 'real-world' work soon, and expect that I will run into issues where your list of trouble-shoots and preventative suggestions will save large parts of my anatomy and brain!  😉

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Adobe Community Professional ,
Jul 02, 2021 Jul 02, 2021

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You are welcome! It is important to conserve both anatomy and brain!

Mike Witherell

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Community Beginner ,
Jan 03, 2022 Jan 03, 2022

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Thank you Mike and crew!

I am impressed. I book marked this for future reference. I have been using CS4 for 12 years on an old 17" Macbook pro that hasn't been online in 9 years so apple can't update the OS. Worked great, however, in order to take in new features I just bought a new iMac running Monterey 12.1. 

Do you know how to remove fonts from Mac OS or Adobe? I have 390 fonts, over 300 are foreign language. Its brutally inefficient navigating the menus. Its completely an apple issue (I spoke with them and Monerey does not allow removal of fonts by design). This is simply a nightmare. Fonts are not displayed even alphabetically, they are categorized bizarrely. Apple really screwed this one up. 

Is there a setting in Adobe products that only allows certain fonts to be displayed when using. I primarily use Indesign, but use Illustrator and Photoshop as well?
Even better if you know how to delete out of Monterey. I see some of your other Terminal commands, but not sure inf any pertains to my issue. I would dump 337 fonts out of Apples font book I will never use. Not to mention the other 200-300 greyed out fonts I can't remove either. At least they dont clog my menus.

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Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 04, 2022 Jan 04, 2022

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Do you know how to remove fonts from Mac OS or Adobe? I have 390 fonts, over 300 are foreign language. Its brutally inefficient navigating the menus. Its completely an apple issue (I spoke with them and Monerey does not allow removal of fonts by design). This is simply a nightmare. Fonts are not displayed even alphabetically, they are categorized bizarrely. Apple really screwed this one up. 

Yes, it is quite impossible to remove them. Read interessant informations here: http://www.jklstudios.com/misc/osxfonts.html

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Community Beginner ,
Jan 05, 2022 Jan 05, 2022

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Is there a way to edit the list so I only see english fonts in Indesign and other adobe software? I can't figure that out.

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Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 05, 2022 Jan 05, 2022

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No. The only trick I know is to mark english fonts as favorites in the InDesign font menu.

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Community Beginner ,
Mar 18, 2022 Mar 18, 2022

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RE: crashing app. I just spent two whole workdays really frustrated with InDesign crashing at least 50 times. (Working to edit book files that somebody else created.) A professional rep could not help, either. He was very kind, but took a long time to find the wrong answer and create more problems. I figured it out myself afterward. It's something that I could not find anywhere, so I'm not surprised he didn't know, either. My InDesign app crashed over 50 times in two days because of object styles applied to text frames with anchored graphics. Every time I tried to paste new text on a page with anchored graphics, the app would crash. I could not select the anchored graphics. All I had to do was un-do the object styles applied to the text frames. (I wasted time re-installing software, trying other computers, updating OS, trying older versions of software...) I want to make a public post about this because it was really frustrating to waste two whole days of work time, and then the pro was not able to help, only to delete all my preferences, which took me a while to re-do, and to suggest a solution that would have been way more time-consuming than what I figured out for myself. (The suggestion was to copy all 300 pages of a book across dozens of files into new documents.) Hope this helps somebody googling the right words like I tried to do.

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Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 18, 2022 Mar 18, 2022

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Interesting...

Was the object style connected to a paragraph style? 

If you re-create the object style in a new document, does the same problem occur?

If so, can you upload a document that demonstrates the problem?

 

BTW, that would have been a difficult thing to diagnose. 

 

David Creamer
Adobe Certified Instructor, Adobe Certified Professional, and Adobe Certified Expert

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Community Beginner ,
Mar 18, 2022 Mar 18, 2022

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Those are good questions! If I have time after I finish my work, I'll go back and check. There was one instance where the text box object style reset did not solve the problem, so I just made new layers to cover that one up with a white square, and put new text boxes with text from another document in on top. (To not disrupt the flow of the linked boxes.) Maybe what you are suggesting could have helped there, thank you! To be continued...

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Community Beginner ,
Mar 18, 2022 Mar 18, 2022

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Lol though I did learn that editing a book can be a lot more challenging than building one from scratch! Thankfully, I love both book-making and problem-solving.

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