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Not yet. You can vote for this feature here: https://indesign.uservoice.com/forums/601021-adobe-indesign-feature-requests/suggestions/31245628-al...
In the meantime, you can package and share the InDesign file with other editors, but they will need to return the updated file to the original editor to re-publish it.
There is no easy way to access and edit an online publish file. This is not to say the file is 100% safe and secure.