This has been going on for a couple months now. Ive even tried installing older versions of Photoshop and I get the same issue. This also happens all the time.
When I go to Image Size and try to edit the size or resolution then click OK, everything freezes then I get the crash dialog box. I now have to go to another computer wheneven I need to use that option. I keep expecting for the updates to fix it but it hasnt happened yet.
It's great to hear you found a workaround. Can you also try re-enabling the GPU checkbox but disabling Preferences -> Performance -> Advanced Settings ... -> GPU Compositing. GPU Compositing is a new feature my team and I released in Photoshop 23.3.0.