If such a feature existed, it would be the very first thing I would disable. The most important requirement for a digital darkroom is to maintain a stable environment, and the application interface is a crucial part of it.
And in fact, to make any sense as compensation, it should be dark at day and light at night. Not the other way round.
The default dark interface is bad enough in itself. It deprives your perception of a clear visual reference to judge tonal relationships. In effect, it makes everything look good, muddy highlights and all. I want the grim truth, not a pretty picture.