Why are my photos being cropped?

New Here ,
Jan 04, 2021

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Every time I insert a photo and set it to frame size it shows up all well in the preview, but after I render the video I get full square black frames around my photo and it's not to scale.

What is the problem? I do not understand.

I attach the pictures showing the issue.

Adobe Community Professional
Correct answer by davidarbor | Adobe Community Professional

There's nothing wrong here; your Program monitor is showing the exact same thing with the black bars on the left and right. You have a square photo in a rectangular composition. Scaling to Frame Size is going to scale the photo up to fit the frame, not fill it. You can select the photo, go to the Effects Controls panel and scale the photo up more so it fills the frame.

 

Also, in the future, please attach your images in-line in your post, rather than files so we don't have to download unknown files.

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Why are my photos being cropped?

New Here ,
Jan 04, 2021

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Every time I insert a photo and set it to frame size it shows up all well in the preview, but after I render the video I get full square black frames around my photo and it's not to scale.

What is the problem? I do not understand.

I attach the pictures showing the issue.

Adobe Community Professional
Correct answer by davidarbor | Adobe Community Professional

There's nothing wrong here; your Program monitor is showing the exact same thing with the black bars on the left and right. You have a square photo in a rectangular composition. Scaling to Frame Size is going to scale the photo up to fit the frame, not fill it. You can select the photo, go to the Effects Controls panel and scale the photo up more so it fills the frame.

 

Also, in the future, please attach your images in-line in your post, rather than files so we don't have to download unknown files.

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Jan 04, 2021 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 05, 2021

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There's nothing wrong here; your Program monitor is showing the exact same thing with the black bars on the left and right. You have a square photo in a rectangular composition. Scaling to Frame Size is going to scale the photo up to fit the frame, not fill it. You can select the photo, go to the Effects Controls panel and scale the photo up more so it fills the frame.

 

Also, in the future, please attach your images in-line in your post, rather than files so we don't have to download unknown files.

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Jan 05, 2021 0
New Here ,
Jan 05, 2021

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"your Program monitor is showing the exact same thing with the black bars on the left and right"

Left and right, but not up and down, it has a FULL FRAME from all sides, I don't want the up and down black frames, I want my photo in the final render to look as it looks in the preview. It is wrong, it doesn't look in the final render as it looks in the preview. If I do set to frame size it looks all nice in the preview without up / down black borders, but once I render the video those up / down black borders appear and make my photo smaller.

"You can select the photo, go to the Effects Controls panel and scale the photo up more so it fills the frame."

Tried it, I'm still a complete newbie to Adobe Premiere Pro, I just distort the photo even more. Set to frame size does it perfect, I just don't understand why after the render my photo is cropped.

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Jan 05, 2021 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 05, 2021

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What are your sequence settings, are you using non square pixels?

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New Here ,
Jan 05, 2021

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Can you explain to me please what you mean sequence settings, non square pixles? I'm completely new to all of this, it's extremely confusing for me.

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Jan 05, 2021 0
New Here ,
Jan 05, 2021

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Why does it crop my photos but my videos don't have those annoying up / down black frames..Sequence settings.jpg

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Jan 05, 2021 0
New Here ,
Jan 05, 2021

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This is my final rendered video..

My intro photo has a full "black box frame" around it, it's "squished", while in preview mode when I do set to frame size it shows no up / down black borders and the photo doesn't look "squished", only after rendering it looks like crap.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=08Jv13mEejk

A short road trip to see the unique Bass Rock in North Berwick, Scotland.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bass_Rock

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Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 05, 2021

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This is what I see on this link. You only have black bars on the left and right. 

Image 3.jpg

 

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Jan 05, 2021 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 05, 2021

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Ah, I see. Then yes, as Richard said, it's either your sequence settings, your ouput settings, or a mismatch between the two. Unless there's a good reason for the sequence settings you chose (perhaps you created a new sequence from a non-standard size photo), it's easiest if you create a sequence with a standard video size. 1920x1080 is a very common HD frame size. You can create a new sequence using one of the presets (there are a million of them, but the SLR ones are simple and a good place to start), or drag a video clip onto the New Sequence icon.

 

After doing that, you can copy and paste the content of your existing sequence into the new one and you will likely have to rescale things to fit. 

 

When that's all finished you need to make sure your export settings match your sequence settings. There are some handy presets for that. Choose H.264 as your format, then for the preset try "Match Source - High Bitrate" as a starter. There's a lot to learn about video settings and video encoding, but these two things can get you started more quickly without going down that rabbit hole.

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New Here ,
Jan 05, 2021

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"Ah, I see. Then yes, as Richard said, it's either your sequence settings, your ouput settings, or a mismatch between the two. Unless there's a good reason for the sequence settings you chose (perhaps you created a new sequence from a non-standard size photo), it's easiest if you create a sequence with a standard video size. 1920x1080 is a very common HD frame size. You can create a new sequence using one of the presets (there are a million of them, but the SLR ones are simple and a good place to start), or drag a video clip onto the New Sequence icon."

Oh my this is rocket science to me. I don't even understand what "sequence settings" mean or actually do.. Can you answer why in preview it shows fine, but once rendered it's all changed?

Imagine me as a complete noob with 0 editing experience, which I am. I'm just using whatever default settings Adobe gave me..

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Jan 05, 2021 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 05, 2021

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The problem is, there's no default settings, something was setup based on your first action.

 

A sequence is simply the timeline you're editing in, and that sequence has a frame size or resolution. Think of this like your TV—it's a fixed box that never changes size. A HDTV has a resolution of 1920x1080, which means 1920 pixels across and 1080 pixels down; this creates a 16:9 aspect ratio.

 

Now, think of all the content you watch on your TV, whether it's old standard definition TV shows, current HDTV shows, or epic movies. Those were all shot in different formats, right? The standard definition TV show has an aspect ratio of 4:3 which is why you see those black bars on the left and right of the screen; an HD show will fill the screen because it was shot at the same aspect ratio as the TV itself; and a big epic like Ben-Hur was shot with an incredibly wide aspect ratio, which means that it will be heavily letterboxed with giant black bars on the top and bottom.

 

This is essentially the same thing as your sequence—it's a container that you're putting all sorts of media into. That media might not fit your container, but the container can only be one size.

 

To add to that, when you're ready to export your video, you can export it at a completely different size. Sometimes you might edit at a higher quality you need to export, or perhaps you just don't know what settings to use and you inadvertently squish that rectangle into a different sized box.

 

There's really a lot to know to edit and export video successfully, and if all this sounds like rocket science then I think you'll actually have a better time watching some "Getting Started" tutorials vs trying to figure things out without a visual in forum posts. I strongly reccomend watching the first several of these beginner tutorials, just so you can start to wrap your head around the paradigm of video editing: https://helpx.adobe.com/premiere-pro/tutorials.html

 

We're certainly here for any questions, but I think it would take less of your time to watch these tutorials, and I think you would get more information if you started with them first.

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New Here ,
Jan 05, 2021

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Thank you for the lenghty explanation.

"This is essentially the same thing as your sequence—it's a container that you're putting all sorts of media into. That media might not fit your container, but the container can only be one size."

Now this is what confuses me. Why doesn't "set to frame size" doesn't work then? In preview it does exactly what I want (the photo), but when I render it's all cropped up with those black border walls?

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New Here ,
Jan 05, 2021

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Here's how it looks for me.


"We're certainly here for any questions, but I think it would take less of your time to watch these tutorials, and I think you would get more information if you started with them first."

I certainly wouldn't waste your time here but I have no idea where to look for a solution to this EXACT PROBLEM I'm having, I've been googling all over the place unsucesfully..

 

No black borders.jpgSequence settings.jpgSequence settings export.jpgCropped up.jpg

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Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 05, 2021

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Because your export settings don't match your sequence settings. Imagine you packed all sorts of presents nicely inside a box, but before you decided to gift the box you stepped all over it :D, it's no longer the same size box as it was before.

Perhaps that's a ridiculous example, but you have to tell Premiere how you want to export the sequence, it's not enough to set it up in the first place. This is why those Match Source presets I mentioned earlier are useful when exporting. 

 

The Set to Frame Size command has nothing to do with exporting, it only tells Premiere how to fit that specific piece of media into your working sequence.

 

While working, you're dealing with media of all sorts of sizes, and that sequence is your lowest common denominator, the thing that everything must fit inside. Exporting is for how you want to handle publishing that unified sequence as a single video file.

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New Here ,
Jan 05, 2021

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I understand now.

So for a complete newbie to Adobe. What do I have to set so my intro photo is exported as it is shown on my preview?

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