Even a few updates started with errors inexplicable to me. After the appearance of an error message, the vehicle cannot be closed, a large part of the graphic of the buttons is missing, etc. I will attach photos if someone can give me advice on what to do. Thanks in advance!
Without any actual system info nobody can tell you much. from failures with the GPU acceleration to mundane permissions issues this could be anything. At the very least try to run the apps as administrator.
The log is pretty clear. For some reason PS can't figure out what your graphic hardware is, which leaves the usual options: Update your graphics driver, configure it properly. At the very least you should get some info on the vendor/ manufacturer in the log, but there is really nothing there.