Sorry to hear you are unable to see the option for other versions in the Creative Cloud app. XD current version is 36.2, so I would suggest updating XD as well by going to the "Check for updates" option in CCD. Along with that, I would request you to please try the below steps-
If that doesn't help, please try reinstalling the Creative Cloud Desktop and let us know if that helps.
I will try my best to help.
I followed your step, but on my CC it says my XD is up to date.
I also tried to reinsalling CC.
Thanks for trying the steps suggested, could you please also try the steps mentioned in this article: https://helpx.adobe.com/creative-cloud/help/creative-cloud-updates.html and share your results with me.
I see something different. please see screenshot
But if you see my photoshop, there is option for Other versions under 3 dots icon.
FYI, my current CC version is 126.96.36.1990
iOS Catalina 10.15.7
Thanks for sharing the screenshot. Would you mind telling me if you are on a starter plan or paid plan for the Creative Cloud desktop app?