Can you confirm if the root certificate that is associated with your digital signing certificate of your smart card is not expired?
Root certificates are issued by a root certificate authority.
In a Microsoft Windows environment they are saved in the certificate store; uninstalling and reinstalling that root certificate may resolve the issue.
However, the cryptographic service error that you've encountered could indicate other problems.
Some issues are related to outdated drivers of the smart card reading device, incorrect hashing algorithm, or a missing patch or update in both Acrobat and the operating system.