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- Re: Circle of circles in a circle......

/t5/illustrator-discussions/circle-of-circles-in-a-circle/td-p/13058682
Jul 09, 2022
Jul 09, 2022

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Hi,

I need to create the diagram below. I'm using Illustrator 26.3.1 (64 bit). I need a circle of 6 circles inside a circle of 12 circles inside a circle of 18 circle insode a circle of 24 circles inside a circle of 30 circles. I've created this using Rotate option but it's not exact. My circles need to be 2.54cm and the spacing needs to be exact and consistent. Can anyone help me with a formula for calculating the sizes of the inner circles and the angle to rotate each inner circle please?

Thank you.

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Draw and design

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Jul 09, 2022
Jul 09, 2022

This is based on a gap of one fifth of the diameter of the circles. You can try changing the values of the variables in the first five lines of the script.

```
var doc = app.activeDocument;
var n = 5; // number of "parent" circles
var f = 28.346; // cm to points
var d = 2.54 * f; // diameter
var g = d / 5; // gap
var r = d + g;
var m = 0;
var x = doc.width / 2;
var y = - doc.height / 2;
var circle = doc.pathItems.ellipse(y + d / 2, x - d / 2, d, d);
for (var i = 0; i < n; i++) {
m += 6;
```

...
6
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6

/t5/illustrator-discussions/circle-of-circles-in-a-circle/m-p/13058785#M327639
Jul 09, 2022
Jul 09, 2022

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Douglas,

This key statement is a bit woolly: **My circles need to be 2.54cm and the spacing needs to be exact and consistent.**

Also, the everything depends on the overall appearance, unless you wish all five circles of small circles to have a circle at the very top or something similar.

Can you elaborate?

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Douglas25015478h4ub
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Community Beginner
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/t5/illustrator-discussions/circle-of-circles-in-a-circle/m-p/13059610#M327687
Jul 10, 2022
Jul 10, 2022

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Thank you for taking the time to reply Jacob. Take care.

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/t5/illustrator-discussions/circle-of-circles-in-a-circle/m-p/13059785#M327705
Jul 10, 2022
Jul 10, 2022

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The very same to you, Douglas.

Now you can enjoy this as a true holiday, given the solution by Femke..

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/t5/illustrator-discussions/circle-of-circles-in-a-circle/m-p/13058943#M327643
Jul 09, 2022
Jul 09, 2022

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This is based on a gap of one fifth of the diameter of the circles. You can try changing the values of the variables in the first five lines of the script.

```
var doc = app.activeDocument;
var n = 5; // number of "parent" circles
var f = 28.346; // cm to points
var d = 2.54 * f; // diameter
var g = d / 5; // gap
var r = d + g;
var m = 0;
var x = doc.width / 2;
var y = - doc.height / 2;
var circle = doc.pathItems.ellipse(y + d / 2, x - d / 2, d, d);
for (var i = 0; i < n; i++) {
m += 6;
var polygon = doc.pathItems.polygon(x, y, r, m);
if (i % 2) {
polygon.rotate((360 / m) / 2);
}
for (var j = 0; j < polygon.pathPoints.length; j++) {
var top = polygon.pathPoints[j].anchor[1] + d / 2;
var left = polygon.pathPoints[j].anchor[0] - d / 2;
var circle = doc.pathItems.ellipse(top, left, d, d);
}
polygon.remove();
r += d + g;
}
```

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Douglas25015478h4ub
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Community Beginner
,

/t5/illustrator-discussions/circle-of-circles-in-a-circle/m-p/13059608#M327686
Jul 09, 2022
Jul 09, 2022

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/t5/illustrator-discussions/circle-of-circles-in-a-circle/m-p/13060132#M327724
Jul 10, 2022
Jul 10, 2022

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That's a very good approach, Femke.

Another way (just for fun): A bumpy action that may be at least a bit entertaining.

**Instructions:**

- Download and unzip the file.

- Open the Illustrator file **circle_array_001.ai**

- In the Actions palette, import the action set **circle_array_1.aia**

- Run the action.

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