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Accessibility: Article Names for Tab Order

Community Beginner ,
Mar 05, 2024 Mar 05, 2024

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I'm new to creating accessible documents, is there a best practice for naming Articles for creating tab order?

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correct answers 1 Correct answer

Community Expert , Mar 10, 2024 Mar 10, 2024

Let's clear up a misconception stated in this thread:

 

A PDF's TAB order (that is, pressing the TAB key or some other key to advance from element to element) is only used to navigate from an interactive element to another. Two primary cases:

  1. Hyperlinks on the page or in the document, and
  2. Form fields on the page or in the document.

 

Therefore, the TAB order has nothing to do with the <Art>/Article tags the panel creates in the PDF by the Articles Panel.  N O T H I N G.

 

A second misconceptio

...

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Community Expert ,
Mar 09, 2024 Mar 09, 2024

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I'm not an accessiblity expert - but I've generated some content for accessiblity in the past.

 

In my experience, creating an efficient tab order with clear and descriptive Article names was important for users who rely on keyboard navigation or assistive tech.

 

I used clear and descriptive names, maintained a sequential orders, avoided repetition, aligned tab order with reading order, and a few other things. 

 

Again, not an expert, just my 2 cents.  

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Community Expert ,
Mar 10, 2024 Mar 10, 2024

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Let's clear up a misconception stated in this thread:

 

A PDF's TAB order (that is, pressing the TAB key or some other key to advance from element to element) is only used to navigate from an interactive element to another. Two primary cases:

  1. Hyperlinks on the page or in the document, and
  2. Form fields on the page or in the document.

 

Therefore, the TAB order has nothing to do with the <Art>/Article tags the panel creates in the PDF by the Articles Panel.  N O T H I N G.

 

A second misconception is the use of the <Art>/Articles tag:

No assistive technology we've tested recognizes and uses that tag, at this time. Would love for assistive technologies to start putting it to good use for their customers/users, but I don't see that happening anytime soon.

 

Recommendation:

The Articles Panel is a tool that can help control the tag reading order in the exported PDF, not the TAB order. If you do decide to use that panel...

  • Name each article whatever you want. But we do recommend creating a very short 1-2 word name in case any future technology can read it. Examples: TOC rather than Table of Contents; Main Story rather than How to Improve Your Golf Game in 10 Lessons.
  • Check the option in the panel's Options drop-down menu to Use for Tagging Order in Tagged PDF.
  • Sequence your articles in the panel to match the Tag reading order you want in the PDF. Sequence each article from top-down, as well as the individual elements that are nested inside each article.
  • And be sure to check the option for each article to Include When Exporting.

 

Hope this helps!

 

—Bevi Chagnon

InDesign expert. Accessibility expert.

And US delegate to the ISO committees for PDF and PDF/UA.

 

 

 

|    Bevi Chagnon   |  Designer & Technologist for Accessible Documents
|    Classes & Books for Accessible InDesign, PDFs & MS Office |

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Community Expert ,
Mar 10, 2024 Mar 10, 2024

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@Bevi Chagnon - PubCom.com @Thanks for clearing that up.

 

As I said I'm not an expert and only have a bit of experience in the field.

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Community Expert ,
Mar 11, 2024 Mar 11, 2024

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And that's why we're a team of experts! No one person has all the answers, but together, we're one dynomite brain trust!

 

|    Bevi Chagnon   |  Designer & Technologist for Accessible Documents
|    Classes & Books for Accessible InDesign, PDFs & MS Office |

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Community Expert ,
Mar 11, 2024 Mar 11, 2024

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Certainly an eye-opener to what goes on - very interesting to me. 
Very hard to find information on this problem too.

 

Maybe a gap that can be filled.

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Community Expert ,
Mar 11, 2024 Mar 11, 2024

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I cover these topics in my classes, which are deep dives into the accessibility requirements that every graphic designer must know!

 

|    Bevi Chagnon   |  Designer & Technologist for Accessible Documents
|    Classes & Books for Accessible InDesign, PDFs & MS Office |

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Community Beginner ,
Mar 11, 2024 Mar 11, 2024

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Thank you! Yes, that helps tremendously! 

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Community Expert ,
Mar 11, 2024 Mar 11, 2024

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You're welcome, @Garth34575062wb6r 

 

|    Bevi Chagnon   |  Designer & Technologist for Accessible Documents
|    Classes & Books for Accessible InDesign, PDFs & MS Office |

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