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How to add border within canvas size without cropping photo

Community Beginner ,
Jan 18, 2023 Jan 18, 2023

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Hi all!

 

I am trying to add a border within a canvas without adding it onto the overall canvas size. I have an image I would like to shrink down inside the canvas. 0.5" borders I am trying to add.

 

I have tried adding stroke but this is just cropping ontop of the image instead of shrinking image down within the set border. Is there a way to do this? 

 

Thanks!

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Community Expert ,
Jan 18, 2023 Jan 18, 2023

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@kerrib95468934 

 

Try this:

  • Go to View > New Guide Layout and create margin guides on the top, bottom, left, and right of .5 inches. Don't add columns or rows.
  • Convert image layer to Smart Obect so you can resize non-destructively
  • Cmd + T (Edit > Free transform) > Confirm Link button is enabled to keep image proportional
  • Scale image > use Option if you want to scale from the center
  • Accept the tranformation
  • Create a new layer underneath and fill with the border color

C30689F4-E753-4359-8122-A696DF595406.jpeg

 

You didn't say your skill level, so ask again if anything is not clear.

 

Jane

 

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Community Beginner ,
Jan 19, 2023 Jan 19, 2023

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Thank you! 

 

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Community Beginner ,
Jan 19, 2023 Jan 19, 2023

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Hi Jane,

 

My photoshop skills are pretty basic so I'd say I'm a beginner. I have tried this method but I wanted to ask you if I need to double the pixel to achieve the correct amount. So I could only plug in pixels so I did 96px in the margin to achieve 0.5" border. Does this look right to you? Thanks for the help! 🙂

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Community Expert ,
Jan 19, 2023 Jan 19, 2023

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@kerrib95468934 

 

It looks great! 

 

You can change the units by right-clicking the Ruler (View menu > Show Ruler).

 

A second thing you can do is continue working in pixels (my preference) and type .5" or .5 in any text box and Photoshop will convert to the units you are using (such as pixels), so you don't have to do any arithmetic.

 

If your document is set to 300 pixels per inch (ppi), then .5" is 150px. If your document is 192 ppi, then .5" is 96px.

 

Both inches and ppi are only for print, as Photoshop works in pixels. If your image will be printed and the borders need to be precisely .5 inches, you might try again and type .5" for the margins. Or try printing and use a ruler to measure. 

 

Jane

 

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Community Expert ,
Jan 18, 2023 Jan 18, 2023

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It may not be possible to add exactly 0.5in on all sides using shrink method without distorting image a little bit because of proportions. Lets say you have 500x700px (5x7 proportion) image 500PPI. If you shring for half inch (250px) new image will be 250x450px (5x9 proportion). It will look distorted, with more pixels in play and different resolution it won't be soo obvious but it will certainly distort image unless it is square. I hope you understand what I am talking about. If you do not feel free to ask question.

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Community Expert ,
Jan 19, 2023 Jan 19, 2023

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Do you need to shrink or image or just add a border? Go to the image dropdown, choose canvas size and set it to relative.

 

Screen Shot 2023-01-19 at 9.53.32 AM.png


Melissa Piccone | Adobe Trainer | Pluralsight Author | Fine Artist

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Community Beginner ,
Jan 19, 2023 Jan 19, 2023

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Hey Melissa, I used this method before but was confused why the canvas size changes.

I have an A5 canvas and want to keep it this size but border within. Here is a screenshot of canvas size before and after using this method. Is this right? 

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Community Expert ,
Jan 19, 2023 Jan 19, 2023

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It does resize the canvas, but then you can resize the image after that - returning to the correct size. So you make the canvas larger, giving you the border, then do image size to reduce the whole thing to the correct size. I always use a shape to create a border - just a rectangle with a white border and no fill, but that will cover the edges of your image. 


Melissa Piccone | Adobe Trainer | Pluralsight Author | Fine Artist

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Community Expert ,
Jan 19, 2023 Jan 19, 2023

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My workflow might have a slight flaw in it - if you add a .5" border and then reduce the whole image size, the border will be smaller than .5. Jane has the best option for you. 


Melissa Piccone | Adobe Trainer | Pluralsight Author | Fine Artist

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Community Expert ,
Jan 19, 2023 Jan 19, 2023

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I'd resize the image down to its required size THEN add a border to get you back to A5.

 

I hope this helps
neil barstow, colourmanagement net - adobe forum volunteer - co-author: 'getting colour right'
google me "neil barstow colourmanagement" for lots of free articles on colour management

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