Since this is happening on some layers and not others, can you show some screen shots of the Layers panel in both cases where you get the error and also where you succeed? What is different about the layers where is works and where it doesn't? Also, make sure you are not on a layer with no pixels.
Is there anything else different, such as color mode or bits or ???
You may need to reset preferences, but let us see a screenshot first.
I am able to change the brightness/contrast whith 'Pillar 1' layer selected.
When 'Pillar 3 is selected I get the error. The only things different about the layers are the positions and the patterns are random, they use the same colours, brushes etc. just I hand painted them so yes they are different.