Because Microsoft deprecated support for MSP, EXE, and CAB file types with Azure Intune, Adobe does not plan on supporting Intune-based desktop deployments. However, some enterprise admins have reported success with various workarounds for Adobe Reader. For example, see this forum post. Acrobat cannot be deployed via Intune.
For detailed information, please refer to the following Adobe article and forum discussion Troubleshooting and Support — Enterprise Administration Guide
Feel free to update this discussion for any further assistance.
This way you can use EXE now but I tried the Adobe EXE's but don't work as you need to login first to install. I am sure this will be fixed soon.
Step by Step here for Adobe Reader DC, but trying to find a way to install Creative Cloud app even tried MSIX way also. Hopefully soon there will be an official MSIX File.