Highlighted

Get rid of ICC profile

Community Beginner ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Hi there,

I have a bunch of CMYK imges, which was converted from RGB. Some of them are in Euroscale Uncoated V2, some of them are FOGRA 39. I have my CS5 assigned to FOGRA39, so my .indd document is in FOGRA39 ICC profile.I was told by the printer, that I have to get rid of all ICC profiles, because "they can cause possible troubles". So my first question is: If I save the As, with unchecked "include profile", will the colors in the image remain absolutely the same? And what if i have files with 2 assigned ICC profiles as I mentioned abowe?

And finally, if I have my whole CS5 assigned to FOGRA39, how about export the final PDF, if printer does not want any ICCs?

Thanks in advance guys!

Adobe Community Professional
Correct answer by rob day | Adobe Community Professional

So my first question is: If I save the As, with unchecked "include profile", will the colors in the image remain absolutely the same?

Not necessarily. How ID handles placed images with conflicting profiles depends on how you set the Color Setting’s CMYK Color Management Policy when the document was created. If you chose Preserve Embedded then any placed image with a profile that conflicts with your document's profile will get converted to document CMYK when you export.

So with Preserve Embedded, if you placed a CMYK image filled with 50% black with a US Coated SWOP profile in your doc that's assigned FOGRA39, the 50% black would get converted to a CMY mix on a PDF/X-a export.

If you chose Preserve Numbers (Ignore Linked Profiles) or Off, then InDesign would ignore the SWOP profile and the 50% black would export unchanged. If you choose Off, the document get's no assignment and is color managed by the current CMYK working space.

Also keep in mind that simply opening Color Settings and changing the CM policy doesn't change a document's policy. To change a doc policy you need to check Ask When Opening before opening the doc. In that case you'll get an option to change the existing document policy.

Views

18.2K

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more

Get rid of ICC profile

Community Beginner ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Hi there,

I have a bunch of CMYK imges, which was converted from RGB. Some of them are in Euroscale Uncoated V2, some of them are FOGRA 39. I have my CS5 assigned to FOGRA39, so my .indd document is in FOGRA39 ICC profile.I was told by the printer, that I have to get rid of all ICC profiles, because "they can cause possible troubles". So my first question is: If I save the As, with unchecked "include profile", will the colors in the image remain absolutely the same? And what if i have files with 2 assigned ICC profiles as I mentioned abowe?

And finally, if I have my whole CS5 assigned to FOGRA39, how about export the final PDF, if printer does not want any ICCs?

Thanks in advance guys!

Adobe Community Professional
Correct answer by rob day | Adobe Community Professional

So my first question is: If I save the As, with unchecked "include profile", will the colors in the image remain absolutely the same?

Not necessarily. How ID handles placed images with conflicting profiles depends on how you set the Color Setting’s CMYK Color Management Policy when the document was created. If you chose Preserve Embedded then any placed image with a profile that conflicts with your document's profile will get converted to document CMYK when you export.

So with Preserve Embedded, if you placed a CMYK image filled with 50% black with a US Coated SWOP profile in your doc that's assigned FOGRA39, the 50% black would get converted to a CMY mix on a PDF/X-a export.

If you chose Preserve Numbers (Ignore Linked Profiles) or Off, then InDesign would ignore the SWOP profile and the 50% black would export unchanged. If you choose Off, the document get's no assignment and is color managed by the current CMYK working space.

Also keep in mind that simply opening Color Settings and changing the CM policy doesn't change a document's policy. To change a doc policy you need to check Ask When Opening before opening the doc. In that case you'll get an option to change the existing document policy.

Views

18.2K

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Mar 08, 2012 0
Most Valuable Participant ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

I will give you the simplest answer for this project. Export using PDF X-1a. You will not have to change your ID color management settings, you will not have to delete ICC profiles, you will not have to worry about ICC discrepancies, just export and you are done.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 1
Community Beginner ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Jeffrey_Smith wrote:

I will give you the simplest answer for this project. Export using PDF X-1a. You will not have to change your ID color management settings, you will not have to delete ICC profiles, you will not have to worry about ICC discrepancies, just export and you are done.

Thank you Jeffrey. It sounds lovely symple! I will just have a look at the specification of this PDF format, just to know what i am exporting and giving to the printer.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Most Valuable Participant ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

A PDF with X-1a compliancy must meet certain criteria: 1.4 compatible, all fonts must be embedded, all color must be gray cmyk or spot, icc profiles can not be included, along with not permitting non-essential elements like annotations or forms. This PDF format is commonly submitted for the following situations: unknown printer specs, printer specifically requires X-1a, or working with a printer system that manages color independently of included icc profiles.

My suggestion comes from hearing things like "icc profiles can cause possible troubles", but best advice is to ask your print provider their specifications.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

unknown printer specs

You have to know the printer specs to set the correct destination profile—you would have significant problems if the PDF/X-1a was exported for US Sheetfed Coated and the unknown destination was uncoated paper on a web press.

PDF/X-4 is designed for unknown destinations, where every color object has a source profile. Without source profiles the correct conversions and flattening can't be made downstream when the destination is known.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Most Valuable Participant ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

you would have significant problems if the PDF/X-1a was exported for US Sheetfed Coated and the unknown destination was uncoated paper on a web press.

This would only be a problem in a system where the output intent was detected, and then the system makes a cmyk to cmyk conversion based on the incorrectly specified destination.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

and then the system makes a cmyk to cmyk conversion based on the incorrectly specified destination.

The assumption with PDF/X-1a is that no conversions will be made at output—the exported CMYK numbers are correct for the device.

If the US Sheetfed Coated numbers were output and printed on web newsprint without an additional conversion, the color appearance would be wrong—US Sheetfed produces a radically different separation than a newsprint profile like SNAP2007—in addition you would likely have total ink problems making the job unprintable.

With PDF/X-4 you don't need to know the destination—an AdobeRGB image would have to have its source profile and could be correctly separated downstream for either device.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Most Valuable Participant ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Rob, RGB images will be converted with different separations when different destinations (US Sheetfed Coated vs.US Web Uncoated) are set. But, does this hold true for CMYK images placed in ID exporting PDF X-1a? My comments are for Christian, who stated "Because when I am converting from camera's RGB to CMYK" and not necessarily applicable for all.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

But, does this hold true for CMYK images placed in ID exporting PDF X-1a?

If you place a US Sheetfed profiled image in a document assigned FOGRA it's going to get converted to FOGRA (the same way an AdobeRGB object would) on export to PDF/X-1a.

PDF/X-1a does deliver a PDF without embedded profiles, but doesn't guarantee the delivered values are correct for the printing conditions. You have to either know the destination or be lucky. Christian does know the destination, so PDF/X-1a works assuming the printer is in fact printing to the FOGRA spec.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Most Valuable Participant ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Yep, you are right, the CMYK image behaved the same as a RGB image.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

So my first question is: If I save the As, with unchecked "include profile", will the colors in the image remain absolutely the same?

Not necessarily. How ID handles placed images with conflicting profiles depends on how you set the Color Setting’s CMYK Color Management Policy when the document was created. If you chose Preserve Embedded then any placed image with a profile that conflicts with your document's profile will get converted to document CMYK when you export.

So with Preserve Embedded, if you placed a CMYK image filled with 50% black with a US Coated SWOP profile in your doc that's assigned FOGRA39, the 50% black would get converted to a CMY mix on a PDF/X-a export.

If you chose Preserve Numbers (Ignore Linked Profiles) or Off, then InDesign would ignore the SWOP profile and the 50% black would export unchanged. If you choose Off, the document get's no assignment and is color managed by the current CMYK working space.

Also keep in mind that simply opening Color Settings and changing the CM policy doesn't change a document's policy. To change a doc policy you need to check Ask When Opening before opening the doc. In that case you'll get an option to change the existing document policy.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Community Beginner ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Hi Rob,

thank you for your explanation. It helped me to uderstand more about the color-space-policyes. So I suppose, that in case I will create PDF with images of mixed CMYK profiles, fhe results of the same colors will be different. But please tell me - If all will be assigned to the profile during export, there will be ICC included in the PDF. But this is what my printer does not want...

To be honest, I do not understand fully when he say, that I should get rid of ICCs. Because when I am converting from camera's RGB to CMYK, i have to choose CMYK profile, which is ICC. So I have to select ICC profile anyway, when converting.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 08, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

But please tell me - If all will be assigned to the profile during export, there will be ICC included in the PDF. But this is what my printer does not want...

If you use the default PDF/X-1a preset all color except for spot colors will be converted into your document CMYK space, or if there's no assigned profile, the current Working CMYK space. PDF/X-1a does not allow profiles to be embedded—the assumption is all color is in the correct destination CMYK space on export and no further conversions will be necessary. You only need a profile if there's going to be a color conversion.

PDF/X-1a does include an output intent, which is not the same as a profile. Acrobat can use the output intent for displaying CMYK and it also let's your printer know what profile was used to make the final CMYK conversion. If the job is printing on a coated sheet and they see a newsprint output intent, they would be wise to reject your file.

Your printer doesn't want to be responsible for making color conversions either on purpose or by accident, so they don't want an embedded profile. If there's a color complaint they can correctly say they output the CMYK values you provided.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 08, 2012 0
Community Beginner ,
Mar 10, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Hey,

thank you guys for your contrubution!

Let me ask a few more question:

In real world can happen, that you are preparing document for certain printer, who wants data assigned to FOGRA39. But when you are ready, your boss come and you are told, that your data will be printed by someone else, because he offered better price. So all the source images, which you converted from source RGB profile to destination FOGRA39 have to be converted to another profile, according to the requirement of that new printer. {In case he have different requirements, of course.} I would like just to know, whether I will get different results for:

  • RGB > CMYK01 Profile >  CMYK02 Profile
  • RGB > CMYK02 Profile

Does each following color profile conversation degrade the data {or color appearance} in any way? Will be the appearance of colors affected when:

  • CMYK01 Profile > CMYK02 Profile >  CMYK01 Profile

Thank you!

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 10, 2012 0
LEGEND ,
Mar 10, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

This is a major reason many users like to keep images in RGB until the final output. You then get to convert the data to the correct profile, no matter what conditions that might be.

RGB to CMYK is always device dependent and usually somewhat destructive of colors since the RGB gamut is larger than CMYK and your image is likely to have out-of-gamut areas for any particular CMYK profile. If you convert to a space that is smaller than the one you want to change to later, a direct RGB > CMYK conversion will be better because it will drop or remap fewer colors. Once those colors have been converted the first time to CMYK, they won't be retrievable in a second conversion.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 10, 2012 1
Community Beginner ,
Mar 10, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Peter Spier wrote:

This is a major reason many users like to keep images in RGB until the final output. You then get to convert the data to the correct profile, no matter what conditions that might be.

RGB to CMYK is always device dependent and usually somewhat destructive of colors since the RGB gamut is larger than CMYK and your image is likely to have out-of-gamut areas for any particular CMYK profile. If you convert to a space that is smaller than the one you want to change to later, a direct RGB > CMYK conversion will be better because it will drop or remap fewer colors. Once those colors have been converted the first time to CMYK, they won't be retrievable in a second conversion.

Peter,

one more question and I will stop - promisse

Wouldn't be best, if I place to ID images in source RGB and I use ID to convert the whole document to one final CMYK? What different is btw. this approach and converting all images to CMYK using Ps and placing them to ID afterwards?

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 10, 2012 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 10, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

What different is btw. this approach and converting all images to CMYK using Ps and placing them to ID afterwards?

There's no meaningful difference if the Color Settings are the same—destination profile, intent, and black point compensation.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 10, 2012 1
LEGEND ,
Mar 10, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

If all you do when converting the images first in Photoshop is Image > Color Mode (presuming the working space is the intended profile) or Edit > Convert to Profile... then the results you get converting RGB to CMYK in ID will be the same. The only advantage to doing the conversion first and placing CMYK int your ID document is that you have the ability to adjust the CMYK colors and do addtional sharpening or other tweaking (and I convert first for critical work, but only when I already know the printing conditions).

If there is any doubt about how something will be printed, or if there is a posibility you will want to re-purpose to another output, leaving things in RGB is far more flexible, and for an unknown print condition is the best choice since it allows you to make the conversion at the very last moment when your printer is nailed down.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 10, 2012 1
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 10, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

To illustrate Peter's point take a saturated color like Adobe RGB 100|100|255. Convert it to US Sheetfed Uncoated and then to US Sheetfed Coated. Take the same color and convert directly to US Sheetfed Coated. The RGB>CMYK>CMYK conversion will get you something like 62|52|4|0, while the direct conversion will be a less clipped and more saturated 71|60|0|0.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 10, 2012 0
Community Beginner ,
Mar 10, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Nice,

so it is all clear now. If I am absolutely sure about the printer's requirements, I will place CMYKs images into ID document. While is more convenient placing RGBs, if something about output-spec is unsure. I suppose, that if are RGB-based PSDs placed into ID, they will be converted to CMYK without problems, even though they contain a bunch of differents adjustment layers.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 10, 2012 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 10, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Layered files are not a problem. You do have to consider gamut when placing RGB, so in Photoshop you want turn on proof Colors with the target CMYK space as the Proof Setup when making color corrections. If you want to read the CMYK values without making a conversion you can choose Proof Colors from the Info panel's eyedropper popup and you'll get the numbers for your target CMYK.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 10, 2012 0
Community Beginner ,
Mar 10, 2012

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

Thank you for your help, guys!

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 10, 2012 0
New Here ,
Mar 18, 2020

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

I have a related problem. I am trying to export from ID - RGB color (Adobe RGB profiles embedded), plain K b/w (images scanned from b/w negatives GRAYSCALE grey gamma 2.2) and cmyk process colours. None of the ID output settings produce the same result as converting the RGB into CMYK in PS and substituting the new files before exporting with no conversion. When exporting from an RGB workspace, the grayscale is washed out if the export output is 'convert to destination'  It mattered not which PDF-X was selected, or none,  or what destination profile (ISO coated V2 300% ECI) was set, or preserve numbers or ignore profiles or not. The color - both RGB and CMYK - are converted just fine, but not the b/w K files because they are also converted to CMYK (000K) and not GRAYSCALE.  I tried sending the pdf unconverted which went through the rip again converting the b/w to CMYK. the result is washed out K again. Does anyone have a fix for this?

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 18, 2020 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 18, 2020

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

This is an eight year old thread, I think it would be best if you started a new thread.

Please also state your InDesign version and OS.

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 18, 2020 0
rob day LATEST
Adobe Community Professional ,
Mar 18, 2020

Copy link to clipboard

Copied

This thread might help:

https://community.adobe.com/t5/indesign/dot-gain-or-gray-gamma/td-p/8365606?page=1

 

InDesign does not have a grayscale space. Grayscale objects are placed on the K plate, and the values export unchanged when the Output>Destination is set to DocumentCMYK. The Overprint Preview of the K values depends on the document’s CMYK profile or Output Intent Profile (which can’t be Gray Gamma 2.2).

 

 

Likes

Translate

Translate

Report

Report
Community Guidelines
Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Learn more
Reply
Loading...
Mar 18, 2020 0