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So... AI copyright free, yes or no?

New Here ,
Sep 17, 2023 Sep 17, 2023

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As of September 2023, after many updates, where do we stand with the copyright?

 

Is the entire AI section still in beta? I can see the labels within the neural filters, but where does the generative fill AI stand?

Is there, currently, a difference in copyright between generative expand or minor generative fill fixes, and full generated AI images?

 

Should it still be copyright locked, is there a timeline for its release?

 

Thanks,

Confused Person

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correct answers 1 Correct answer

Community Expert , Sep 17, 2023 Sep 17, 2023

I am not a lawyer and do not work for Adobe so the following views are my own.

I doubt you will see a straight yes or no to this question at present. Copyright and generative AI is a bit of a minefield at present with various cases progressed through the courts challenging ownership, and even the ability to copyright images that were generated by typing in text prompts. Example in this article: https://www.artnews.com/art-news/news/ai-generator-art-text-us-copyright-policy-1234661683/

 

I don't

...

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Community Expert ,
Sep 17, 2023 Sep 17, 2023

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I am not a lawyer and do not work for Adobe so the following views are my own.

I doubt you will see a straight yes or no to this question at present. Copyright and generative AI is a bit of a minefield at present with various cases progressed through the courts challenging ownership, and even the ability to copyright images that were generated by typing in text prompts. Example in this article: https://www.artnews.com/art-news/news/ai-generator-art-text-us-copyright-policy-1234661683/

 

I don't know what you mean by copyright locked. Commercial use by generative AI in beta software was, and still is prohibited. Commercial use by gen AI in the released software is 'designed to be safe for commercial use' as stated here : https://helpx.adobe.com/photoshop/using/whats-new/2024.html#gen-ai-photoshop

 

Adobe's terms, referring to copyright,  are here (revised in September)
https://www.adobe.com/legal/licenses-terms/adobe-gen-ai-user-guidelines.html

https://www.adobe.com/content/dam/cc/en/legal/servicetou/Adobe-Generative-AI-Additional-Terms_en_US_...

 

If you need specific advice on generative AI and copyright then you should talk to a copyright lawyer.

 

Dave

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New Here ,
Sep 17, 2023 Sep 17, 2023

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Oh yes I know, it's the wild wild west right now, precisely why I came here to try and understand where we stand with Adobe.

 

quote

Commercial use by generative AI in beta software was, and still is prohibited. Commercial use by gen AI in the released software is 'designed to be safe for commercial use' as stated here : https://helpx.adobe.com/photoshop/using/whats-new/2024.html#gen-ai-photoshop

 

Thank you, this is what I was looking for! Along with the first article as well.

 

Really not sure how I missed the Adobe one there; I had only seen the talks of the many court cases.

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Community Expert ,
Sep 17, 2023 Sep 17, 2023

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As an artist I can  tell you I am the copyright holder and NOBODY ELSE.  I took the proactive step of not giving permission for my work to be used in AI with Adobe, but the other day I got a payment for it. I am beyond annoyed. I say make your own images! Phooey. There I feel better now. But not really.

-edit typo

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Community Expert ,
Sep 17, 2023 Sep 17, 2023

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'As an artist I can tell you I am the copyright holder and NOBODY ELSE.'

Just for clarity of other readers (I'm sure you know this Leslie) as the artist you do indeed hold the copyright to your images, but if those images were made with generative AI (again I know that you create yours yourself Leslie) then you may not, according to the US legal cases mentioned above. What a minefield!

 

'.........the other day I got a payment for it'

At least Adobe made a payment, some AI generators have been scraping the internet for images to learn from with no such payments forthcoming.

 

Dave

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Community Expert ,
Sep 17, 2023 Sep 17, 2023

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As you said, it's indeed a minefield at the moment. But no matter what any judge might say, the original creator is the rightful owner of the intellectual property (as if ethics atter anymore).  As to those who use this software and sell it and bill themselves as "digital artists," you are not an artist. You're a typist.

-edit typo

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Community Expert ,
Sep 17, 2023 Sep 17, 2023

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quote

you are not an artist. You're a typist.


By @Leslie Moak Murray

 

Ah, yes, that's just wonderfully put. That's what I've been thinking the whole time, I just couldn't find the right words.

 

I could never understand why anyone could use the words "generative fill" and "creative" in the same sentence. I tried it two or three times, and I can tell you, I didn't feel very creative afterwards...

 

 

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Community Expert ,
Sep 18, 2023 Sep 18, 2023

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'...you are not an artist you are a typist... '

I do like that description and agree with it 100%.

 

There is though a problem with the statement 'the original creator is the rightful owner.....' when applied to generative AI. Contrary to some popular belief, these programmes do not spit out composites of other artwork. They train on patterns in images that are associated with keywords. So when prompted with a word such as leopard they generate a pattern of pixels that resembles what the algorithm has learned about images containing leopards. It could be argued that this is little different to the way we ourselves learn the shapes of objects. If I now draw a leopard using a paper and pencil, the copyright is mine not the owners of all of the leopard images I have looked at over my years of learning to draw and learning about leopards.

 

So the original creator in this context is the algorithm itself, not the person prompting it, or the thousands of image owners on whose images the algorithm was trained.

 

A more worrying, in my view, trend is prompting for artwork in the style of xxxxxxx.  That is much closer to plagiarism, as it is asking for the software to emulate the output of a human artist. 

 

Like we said earlier - a minefield.

 

Dave

 

 

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Community Expert ,
Sep 18, 2023 Sep 18, 2023

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quote

As an artist I can  tell you I am the copyright holder and NOBODY ELSE.  I took the proactive step of not giving permission for my work to be used in AI with Adobe, but the other day I got a payment for it. I am beyond annoyed. I say make your own images! Phooey. There I feel better now. But not really.

-edit typo


By @Leslie Moak Murray

When did you opt out of your Adobe Stock images being used as training material? 

Could there have been a period of time when you hadn’t opted out yet and Adobe was already pursuing the AI-approach? 

 

Otherwise I wonder if the payment might have been a mistake (those seem to happen) and I am not exactly sure who to address about this, a bug report maybe … 

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Community Expert ,
Sep 18, 2023 Sep 18, 2023

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I don't remember the date, it was earlier this year. I saw somewhere, might have been on Discord, that they were paying people to use their work for Firefly training or something, but that we could opt out. I went to my account that day and found the opt-out box and checked it.

 

I get it, that it's only for training etc but as you can see by this thread alone, hardly anyone really understands all the ramifications of any of this. In my experience,  a shocking number of people out there have zero concept of intellectual property ("I found it on Google so it's free!"). I have seen so many people on LinkedIn and elsewhere proudly showing the "paintings" or the "digital art" they have mashed together in Midjourney or others, all consisting of art they did not draw themselves, and selling it on their websites and calling themselves "Digital Artists." It makes me want to run all around the house slamming doors.

 

I've seen people on LinkedIn whose title is "AI Conjurer" or "AI Wizard" etc. making posts about their magnificent gift for typing prompts, offering to teach it and coach you in it,  as if typing prompts confers some kind of ownership of the IP.  There are You Tubers giving tutorials on prompts and proudly showing their results, which are painted images, some of them really good, but of animals or people that someone else painted or drew. They're actually trying to attach talent to the act of typing prompts. Nitwits. And the speed with which this has all sprung up!

 

I read somewhere that a judge has declared images made with AI to be un-copyrightable.

-edit typo

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Community Expert ,
Sep 18, 2023 Sep 18, 2023

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quote

I read somewhere that a judge has declared images made with AI to be un-copyrightable.


By @Leslie Moak Murray

 

Correct. There have already been court cases with that outcome, but it also seems to be the general consensus in the whole legal community, from what I can tell. There has to be an actual human there for copyright to be applicable. Seems obvious, but...

 

If you really want to slam doors, take a look at the "violate guidelines"-thread, which probably has about 100 000 posts by now. The gist of it is that Adobe censors artistic expression and creativity. I made one post there and quickly concluded it was a spider's nest. I'm not going down there again.

 

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Community Expert ,
Sep 18, 2023 Sep 18, 2023

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If you really want to slam doors, take a look at the "violate guidelines"-thread, which probably has about 100 000 posts by now.

Dang, that thread is long … 

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Community Expert ,
Sep 17, 2023 Sep 17, 2023

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Copyright has nothing to do with Adobe or beta vs. production.

 

The short answer:

https://www.theverge.com/2023/8/19/23838458/ai-generated-art-no-copyright-district-court 

 

The gray zones:

https://builtin.com/artificial-intelligence/ai-copyright 

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