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Can I Change the Frame Rate of an Existing Timeline?

New Here ,
Jan 28, 2017

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Hi-  A very new Premiere Pro CC 2017 user requesting a little assistance...

I've watched many, many helpful web tutorials and how-to videos to get me where I am in my video project and am very happy with Premiere Pro.  Now that I'm almost done, I realize the source of the "juddering" in my still photo zooms and rolling credits most likely comes from the fact that my timeline is set at 10 fps.  As I understand it, my timeline's fps is set based on my having started the project by importing video clips taken with my digital camera which apparently works at 10 fps. So now I have this idea I need to somehow redo my timeline using 24 fps so the juddering will be reduced if not eliminated.  Am I thinking about this correctly or am I way off base?  And if changing to 24 fps is the thing to do, is there an easy way to do that or do I need to create an empty new 24 fps timeline and start copying my video clips, stills and audio into the new timeline?  And what issues might arise from changing the timeline fps?  Apologies for any wildly inaccurate assumptions on my part!  Remember, I'm pretty new to this program.

Thanks very much for any assistance you can offer!

Adobe Community Professional
Correct answer by Ann Bens | Adobe Community Professional

Select sequence in Project Window

Go up to Sequence > Sequence Settings

Change timebase.

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Can I Change the Frame Rate of an Existing Timeline?

New Here ,
Jan 28, 2017

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Hi-  A very new Premiere Pro CC 2017 user requesting a little assistance...

I've watched many, many helpful web tutorials and how-to videos to get me where I am in my video project and am very happy with Premiere Pro.  Now that I'm almost done, I realize the source of the "juddering" in my still photo zooms and rolling credits most likely comes from the fact that my timeline is set at 10 fps.  As I understand it, my timeline's fps is set based on my having started the project by importing video clips taken with my digital camera which apparently works at 10 fps. So now I have this idea I need to somehow redo my timeline using 24 fps so the juddering will be reduced if not eliminated.  Am I thinking about this correctly or am I way off base?  And if changing to 24 fps is the thing to do, is there an easy way to do that or do I need to create an empty new 24 fps timeline and start copying my video clips, stills and audio into the new timeline?  And what issues might arise from changing the timeline fps?  Apologies for any wildly inaccurate assumptions on my part!  Remember, I'm pretty new to this program.

Thanks very much for any assistance you can offer!

Adobe Community Professional
Correct answer by Ann Bens | Adobe Community Professional

Select sequence in Project Window

Go up to Sequence > Sequence Settings

Change timebase.

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Jan 28, 2017 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 28, 2017

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Select sequence in Project Window

Go up to Sequence > Sequence Settings

Change timebase.

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Jan 28, 2017 1
New Here ,
Jan 28, 2017

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Wow.  That was simple.  Thank you very much!  Juddering is gone completely.  I've noticed some de-synchronization on one of my 10 fps clips later in the video.  Not sure of that has anything to do with the change of the timeline to 24 fps but I think I know how to nudge that audio back a bit so it's back in sync with the visuals.

Thanks again!!!

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Jan 28, 2017 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Jan 28, 2017

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This can be marked as "answered", correct?

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Jan 28, 2017 0
New Here ,
Jul 16, 2017

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Hi Ann Bens!

I'm having trouble changing the clip that I've added into my sequence at 10 fps. My sequence settings are set to 10 fps but the clip stays at 25 fps. Could you help me with this?

Thanks,

Sam

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Jul 16, 2017 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Jul 17, 2017

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Select Sequence in Project Window.

Go to Sequence / Sequence Setting.

Set editing mode to custom.

Now change the settings.

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Jul 17, 2017 0
New Here ,
Apr 04, 2020

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I don't see any selections like that. Sequence, sequence settings etc. How do I get to them? Thanks

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Apr 04, 2020 0
New Here ,
Feb 04, 2017

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Hello-  I'm hoping I can ask what might be a related follow-up question to the one you so kindly answered for me....

Now that I'm done editing my video project with all the zooms and pans now moving very smoothly, I find that I have what I think is called a progressive audio-video de-syncing problem in the final exported mp4 file.  When I play the final video file on my computer, it starts off with audio perfectly in sync with the video but then slowly but steadily de-syncs and gets worse the longer the video plays.  If I stop the playback and move to another place in the video and start playing again from there, the audio and video are back in sync.

Is there some setting I can adjust when exporting to make the final audio and video stay in sync?  Or is there another solution?  I've learned that some people use a program called Handbrake to address this problem.  Should I pursue that as the solution?

Thanks again very much for any assistance you can offer!

By the way, the audio and video are perfectly in sync when previewed in Premiere Pro before exporting.

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Feb 04, 2017 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Feb 04, 2017

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Post a screenshot of a clip in MediaInfo in treeview

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Feb 04, 2017 0
New Here ,
Feb 04, 2017

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MediaInfo Screen Shot.jpg

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Feb 04, 2017 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Feb 04, 2017

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What is the timebase of your sequence?

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Feb 04, 2017 0
New Here ,
Feb 04, 2017

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In Sequence Settings the timebase is set at 24.00 frames/second. Just realized that's what you told me to change to eliminate the juddering of zooms, pans, etc.

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Feb 04, 2017 0
New Here ,
Feb 06, 2017

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I just determined with the help of the Adobe help folks via chat that the issue is with the playback software I was using.  This issue is resolved.  Thanks for your help!

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Feb 06, 2017 0
New Here ,
Oct 17, 2018

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I have similar issues, however when but the timebase is not active for me to be able to change it

Thanks

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Oct 17, 2018 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Oct 17, 2018

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Change to custom first.

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Oct 17, 2018 0
Participant ,
Nov 04, 2018

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I've got as issue here when I import a video in PP and playback in timeline the playhead jitters, the quality of video and sound is terrible. This does not do this when the video is played back outside of Adobe PP. Changing the frame rate from 30.30 fps to 29.97 fps or any other value does not alleviate this problem. I cannot capture the jittery playhead with a still screen shot, if someone could provide me an email address I will gladly send you a screen recording of what is going on. This never happened before and I cannot use PP to build my sequence until I fix this problem. Until this is resolved I may have to build my sequence as a composition in After Effects and apply the transitions there. I'll try saving the video to see if it is jittery on output and not just when played back in the timeline. I need to add 13 videos and one audio track to this sequence; . I've attached a screen shot with only one video in the timeline you won't be able to see the playhead jerking back and forth on playback on a still image, I need to add 12 more and an audio track, however until I fix the jitteriness this will be a no go for this project in Premiere Pro. Any help will be appreciated and I will; try to do my project in After Effects as now this PP program is unusable like this.

just one.PNG entire sequence.

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Nov 04, 2018 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Nov 04, 2018

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Convert file to Constant Frame Rate in HandBrake first before bringing it into Pr.

Pr does not always play nice with Variable frame rate.

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Nov 04, 2018 0
Participant ,
Dec 29, 2018

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I will gladly give someone $100 cash if they can figure out why my play head jitters down the timeline in Premiere Pro and a viable solution. Playback inside the application is intolerable. There has to be a solution in the environment somewhere. Please provide me an email address and I will send you a screen shot of the problem as it cannot be captured in a screen shot.

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Dec 29, 2018 0
Participant ,
Dec 29, 2018

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Dec 29, 2018 0
Participant ,
Dec 29, 2018

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I've provided a link to a video capture of the faulty playback and jittery play head above.

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Dec 29, 2018 0
Adobe Community Professional ,
Dec 29, 2018

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Were you running into the playback issue when the clip speed was still set to 100%?

At 88.42% speed, I'd recommend doing one of two things:

  • Transcode the source MP4 file to a mezzanine CODEC.  Apple ProRes 422 (LT) or GoPro Cineform 3 are good choices.  Replace the MP4 with the resulting MOV and continue to edit.  Also, update to your Sequence Preview settings to correspond to whichever mezzanine CODEC that you chose.  I'd go to the trouble of transcoding all of your MP4 clips to the mezzanine CODEC that you choose and changing all of your Sequences to match.
  • Copy and paste just the MP4 file playing (or failing to play, as it is) with the speed set to 88.42% into a new Sequence then export that to a CODEC that doesn't compress between the frames (again, Apple ProRes 422 LT or GoPro Cineform 3).  Then swap that out for the original MP4.  With the approach, you're effectively forcing a Preview.

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Dec 29, 2018 0
New Here ,
May 25, 2020

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That doesn't actually work, what you need to do is right click the file in the Project Panel and choose "modify" and then select "interpret footage" and change it there.  Changing the sequence will have the clip export at that framerate overall but for each individual clip it will not and the original will be used unless you modify it the way I described. Hope this helps. 

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May 25, 2020 0
New Here ,
Sep 27, 2020

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I'm still having issues. I did both. I changed from source using modify - interpret footage to 23.976.

then it kept jittering. So i realized that the sequence was stuck at 60 so i right clicked on the sequence in source and changed sequence settings. it initially seemed like it changed but when i pasted the attributes from the first into the fixed clip it kept jittering. So i right clicked on clip in the actual sequence in the timeline and checked properties, it still reads 60.  I tried without pasting the attributes and again just copying the original clip that now reads 23.976 to the timeline and still no success. Not sure what i am doing wrong or how to fix this. Sorry for any typos. I'm a bit panicked cause i have a deadline to meet. Please help if you can. 

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Sep 27, 2020 0
Community Beginner ,
Sep 27, 2020

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If the camera is recording at 10fps, the difference in time between each image will be 100 milliseconds. For comparison, there will be 33.33 milliseconds between images at 30fps.

 

If a runner where to stride once per 100 milliseconds, there would be 3 images per stride at 30fps.

At 10 fps, you would see the leg only once per stride.

 

Sorry if I misunderstood your post.

Or, this might be helpful?

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Sep 27, 2020 0
Community Beginner ,
Sep 27, 2020

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I am confused about who is asking question.

Sorry about that.

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Sep 27, 2020 0
New Here ,
Sep 27, 2020

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Sorry, i was reading thread and had already followed the suggestions, but not sure what to try next. I recorded in 60fps and converted to 23.976. but the clip wont show that when i right click on its properties while in the timeline. not sure if it always reads the original fps that it was recorded in.. but either way, it is jittering so something is wrong.

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Sep 27, 2020 0
Community Beginner ,
Sep 27, 2020

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SEE UNANSWERED QUESTION ABOVE BY Silvana5CB5

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Sep 27, 2020 0
Community Beginner ,
Sep 27, 2020

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I think you just import sequence or clip and drag to timeline.

Right click the image in project window and modify.

Press enter.

 

Not sure if that is it?

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Sep 27, 2020 0
Community Beginner ,
Sep 27, 2020

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I am not sure if fps should be divisible by 60, and if it would make any difference?

Logic seems to suggest it would not matter, but the actual playback speed would be wrong?

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Sep 27, 2020 0
Community Beginner ,
Sep 27, 2020

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If you convert 60fps to 30fps, every second frame is discarded.

Sorry about all the posts, but I cannot edit them.

Must be a weird new user limitation?

 

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Sep 27, 2020 0
New Here ,
Sep 27, 2020

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the frame rate of the clip in the project window reads 23.976.

but when I copy it into the sequence on the timeline, and right-click it and look in properties, it reads 60fps. not sure if that is just the original fps it was recorded it. But I think I still see jittering and not sure if I did not convert it to 23.976 fps properly.

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Sep 27, 2020 0
Community Beginner ,
Sep 27, 2020

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Your uneven division is a problem

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Sep 27, 2020 0
New Here ,
Sep 27, 2020

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maybe i should start a new thread, since this one is based off of the original poster's 10fps clip.

Thank you though! 🙂 

 

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Sep 27, 2020 0
New Here ,
Sep 27, 2020

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Not trying to divide. All of my footage is 23.976 to look like actual film. I do not shoot in 30fps. For buttery looking shots i shoot my gimbal shots in 60fps and then its converted to 23.976. I usually pay an editor, but during these uncertain times i have to edit myself and am new to premiere and also new to editing 60fps shots. But thank you again. I will try posting on a new thread.

 

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Sep 27, 2020 0
Community Beginner ,
Sep 27, 2020

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@Silvana5CBs I am not sure if I understand this but I saw this thread in my email and was going to help if I could. If you shot a video in 60fps and then in Premiere Pro change it to 23.976, it is not going to show up in the properties of the file until you export it. I think that's your problem. You have to right click the footage afer you have imported it. Then before add it in the timeline, you need to right click the footage and choose modify then choose interpret footage and then change the fps to 23.976. Then when you add it to the timeline it will export it at 23.976 but if you look at the properties its still going to show 60fps because that's the original file. If you export it at 23.976, then import that footage and add it to the timeline the properties will show 23.976. 

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Sep 27, 2020 0